Vladimir Bukovsky

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Vladimir Bukovsky
Владимир Константинович Буковский
Bukovsky at the Sakharov Congress in Amsterdam, 21 May 1987
Vladimir Konstantinovich Bukovsky

(1942-12-30)30 December 1942
Died27 October 2019(2019-10-27) (aged 76)
Cause of deathHeart failure
NationalitySoviet/Russian (1942–2014)
British (1976–2019)
CitizenshipSoviet Union/Russia (1942–2014)
United Kingdom (1976–2019)
Alma materUniversity of Cambridge, Stanford University
OccupationHuman right activist, writer, neurophysiologist
Known forHuman rights activism with participation in the Mayakovsky Square poetry readings, the Campaign Against Psychiatric Abuse and struggle against political abuse of psychiatry in the Soviet Union, Victims of Communism Memorial Foundation, The Freedom Association
Notable work
see Vladimir Bukovsky bibliography
MovementDissident movement in the Soviet Union, Solidarnost
AwardsThe Thomas S. Szasz Award for Outstanding Contributions to the Cause of Civil Liberties,[1] Truman-Reagan Medal of Freedom

Vladimir Konstantinovich Bukovsky (Russian: Влади́мир Константи́нович Буко́вский; 30 December 1942 – 27 October 2019) was a Russian-born British human rights activist and writer.

From the late 1950s to the mid-1970s, he was a known figure in the Soviet dissident movement. He spent a total of twelve years in the psychiatric prison-hospitals, labour camps, and prisons of the Soviet Union.[2]

He was a member of the international advisory council of the Victims of Communism Memorial Foundation,[3] a director of the Gratitude Fund (set up in 1998 to commemorate and support former dissidents),[c 1] and a member of the International Council of the New York City-based Human Rights Foundation.

In 2001, Bukovsky received the Truman-Reagan Medal of Freedom.[4]

In May 2007, Bukovsky announced his plans to run as candidate for president in the May 2008 Russian presidential election.[5] On 16 December 2007, Bukovsky was officially nominated to run against Dmitry Medvedev and other candidates.[6][7]

Bukovsky died on 27 October 2019 at a hospital in Cambridge, Cambridgeshire from heart failure at the age of 76.[8]

Notes[change | change source]

  1. "The Gratitude Fund, Assistance to Former Soviet Political Prisoners". www.thegratitudefund.org. Retrieved 2019-06-11.

References[change | change source]

  1. Cooper, David (February 2009). "The Thomas S. Szasz Award for Outstanding Contributions to the Cause of Civil Liberties". Mental Health and Substance Use. 2 (1): 1–3. doi:10.1080/17523280802630251.
  2. Boobbyer, Philip (July 2009). "Vladimir Bukovskii and Soviet Communism". The Slavonic and East European Review. 87 (3): 452–487. JSTOR 40650408.
  3. "International Advisory Council". Victims of Communism Memorial Foundation. Archived from the original on 10 June 2011. Retrieved 20 May 2011.
  4. "Truman-Reagan Medal of Freedom". Victims of Communism Memorial Foundation. Archived from the original on 24 April 2016. Retrieved 26 April 2016.
  5. Sakwa, Richard (2010). The Crisis of Russian Democracy: The Dual State, Factionalism and the Medvedev Succession. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. pp. 279–280. ISBN 9781139494915.
  6. "Uphill struggle for Russian dissident". BBC. 25 October 2007. Retrieved 26 April 2016.
  7. Владимир Буковский выдвинут кандидатом в президенты России [Vladimir Bukovsky put forward as candidate for president of Russia]. DW.COM (in Russian). Deutsche Welle. 17 December 2007. Retrieved 26 April 2016.
  8. "Vladimir Bukovsky, Revered Soviet Dissident and Putin Critic, Dies at 76". The New York Times. 28 October 2019.