Western civilization, western culture or the West is made up of Europe (only Western Christian countries, more Greece and Cyprus), Americas, Australia, New Zealand, and (in part) South Africa and the Philippines.
The westernization is the transformation of the culture of a country, to Western standards.
Western civilization was defined by historian Arnold Toynbee as that part of the world in which those who practice the Christian religion are in a majority. By this definition, parts of Africa would now also be part of Western civilization since many Africans have been converted to Christianity since the 1950s. The most common languages spoken in Western civilization are English, Spanish, Portuguese, French, German, Dutch, Italian, Afrikaans and Tagalog.
Western culture is identified with Western Christianity and the European culture (most notably in the Greek and Roman heritage, European languages, Germanic institutions, the Renaissance, the Baroque, the Enlightenment, and the modernist movement of the 20th century) We can identify this in Europe (i.e. Portugal, Spain, France, Italy, Malta, Belgium, Netherlands, Germany, Austria, Switzerland, Iceland, United Kingdom, Ireland, Norway, Sweden, Denmark, Finland, Lithuania, Latvia, Estonia, Poland, Czech Republic, Slovakia, Slovenia, Hungary, Croatia, Greece, Cyprus and European microstates); the Americas (i.e. Canada, United States, Mexico, Chile, Costa Rica, Argentina, Uruguay, Brazil, Venezuela, Colombia, Peru, Ecuador, Bolivia, Belize, Guatemala, Honduras, Panama, El Salvador, Cuba and Dominican Republic) Australia, New Zealand, South Africa and the Philippines. Together these countries constitute the Western society. Israel would be the most westernized Asian country.
References[change | change source]
- Toynbee, Arnold 1959. A study of history. Volume XI—Historical Atlas and Gazetteer. Oxford University Press. Map, page 93 “Civilization current in AD 1952” – Western civilization is shown as including the Americas, Europe, Russia, Australia, New Zealand, and the Philippines.