World Hockey Association
|Founded||September 13, 1971|
|Ceased||June 22, 1979|
|Countries|| United States|
|Most titles||Winnipeg Jets (3)|
The World Hockey Association (French: Association mondiale de hockey) was a professional ice hockey league that operated in North America from 1972 to 1979. It was the first major competition for the National Hockey League (NHL) since the end of the Western Hockey League after the 1925-26 WHL season. Although the WHA was not the first league since that time to attempt to challenge the NHL's hold as the top league, it was by far the most successful.
Hockey Hall of Famers[change | change source]
List of WHA players and executives inducted into the Hockey Hall of Fame, for achievements in their hockey career.
- Andy Bathgate, Vancouver Blazers
- Gerry Cheevers, Cleveland Crusaders
- Mike Gartner, Cincinnati Stingers
- Michel Goulet, Birmingham Bulls
- Wayne Gretzky, Indianapolis Racers, Edmonton Oilers
- Gordie Howe, Houston Aeros, New England Whalers
- Bobby Hull, Winnipeg Jets
- Dave Keon, Minnesota Fighting Saints, Indianapolis Racers, New England Whalers
- Rod Langway, Birmingham Bulls
- Frank Mahovlich, Toronto Toros, Birmingham Bulls
- Mark Messier, Cincinnati Stingers, Indianapolis Racers
- Bernie Parent, Philadelphia Blazers
- Jacques Plante, Edmonton Oilers
- Bud Poile, WHA Executive Vice-President
- Marcel Pronovost, Coach-Chicago Cougars
- Maurice Richard, Coach-Quebec Nordiques
- Glen Sather, Edmonton Oilers
- Norm Ullman, Edmonton Oilers
Trophies and Awards[change | change source]
This is a list of the trophies and awards handed out annually by the World Hockey Association.
- Avco World Trophy - Awarded to the playoff champion
- Gary L. Davidson Award / Gordie Howe Trophy - Most valuable player of the regular season
- Bill Hunter Trophy - Leading scorer of the regular season
- Lou Kaplan Trophy - Rookie of the year
- Ben Hatskin Trophy - Best goaltender
- Dennis A. Murphy Trophy - Best defenseman
- Paul Deneau Trophy - Most gentlemanly player
- Howard Baldwin Trophy / Robert Schmertz Memorial Trophy - Coach of the year
- WHA Playoff MVP - Most valuable player in the playoffs
Timeline of teams[change | change source]
Three Canadian teams completed all seven WHA seasons based in the same city, and were the same three Canadian teams that ultimately joined the NHL. The other WHA team to enter the NHL, the Whalers, were the only other WHA team to play all of its home games over seven seasons within a relatively small geographical area. Of the original 12 WHA franchises, only the Winnipeg Jets remained for all seven seasons without relocating, changing team names, or folding.
|Alberta/Edmonton Oilers||Alberta Oilers||1972–1973||Joined NHL, 1979,|
as Edmonton Oilers
|Chicago Cougars||Chicago Cougars||1972–1975||Folded, 1975|
|Cincinnati Stingers||Cincinnati Stingers||1975–1979||Folded, 1979|
Minnesota Fighting Saints
|Calgary Broncos (never played)||1972||Folded, 1977|
|Minnesota Fighting Saints||1976–1977|
|Denver Spurs||1975–1976||Folded, 1976|
|Dayton Arrows (never played)||1972||Folded, 1978|
|Indianapolis Racers||Indianapolis Racers||1974–1978||Folded, 1978|
|Los Angeles Aces
Los Angeles Sharks
|Los Angeles Aces (name changed after San Francisco moved)||1972||Folded, 1975|
|Los Angeles Sharks||1972–1974|
|Minnesota Fighting Saints||Minnesota Fighting Saints||1972–1976||Folded, 1976|
|New England Whalers||New England Whalers||1972–1979||Joined NHL, 1979,|
as Hartford Whalers
(now Carolina Hurricanes)
|New York Raiders/Golden Blades
San Diego Mariners
|New York Raiders||1972–1973||Folded, 1977|
|New York Golden Blades||1973|
|San Diego Mariners||1974–1977|
|Ottawa Nationals||1972–1973||Folded, 1979|
|Miami Screaming Eagles
|Miami Screaming Eagles (never played)||1972||Folded, 1977|
|Phoenix Roadrunners||Phoenix Roadrunners||1974–1977||Folded, 1977|
|San Francisco Sharks
|San Francisco Sharks (never played)||1972||Joined NHL, 1979,|
as Quebec Nordiques
(now Colorado Avalanche)
|Winnipeg Jets||Winnipeg Jets||1972–1979||Joined NHL, 1979,|
as Winnipeg Jets
(now Arizona Coyotes)
WHA All-Star Game[change | change source]
Every season of the World Hockey Association had an All-Star game, but the format had changed with regularity.
- 1972-73 Eastern Division vs Western Division contest.
- 1973-74 Eastern Division vs Western Division contest.
- 1974-75 Eastern Division vs Western Division contest.
- 1975-76 Canadian-based teams (5) vs US-based teams (9).
- 1976-77 East played West.
- 1977-78 AVCO Cup champion (Quebec Nordiques) vs WHA All-Star team.
- 1978-79 WHA All-Star team vs Dynamo Moscow in a three game series.