|Born||12 October 1875
Royal Leamington Spa, Warwickshire, England
|Died||December 1, 1947 (aged 72)
Hastings, Sussex, England
He was an influential member in some occult organizations, such as the Golden Dawn, the A∴A∴, and Ordo Templi Orientis (O.T.O.), and is better known today for his occult books and papers. He was bisexual.
Early life [change]
In December 1896, Crowley took interest in occultism and by the next year, he began reading books on alchemy and mysticism. A year later, he published his first book of poetry (Aceldama), and left Cambridge, only to meet Julian L. Baker who introduced him to Samuel Mathers and the Hermetic Order of the Golden Dawn.
The Golden Dawn [change]
Samuel Mathers, acting leader of the Golden Dawn organization, acted as his early mentor in western magic. Crowley lost faith in his mentor's abilities in 1900 but did not officially break with Mathers until 1904.
Crowley died of a respiratory infection in a Hastings boarding house on 1 December 1947 at the age of 72. He had been addicted to heroin after being prescribed morphine for his asthma and bronchitis many years earlier.
Popular culture [change]
- The mysterious occult character, Oliver Haddo, in William Somerset Maugham's novel The Magician (1908) is largely based on Crowley, whom Maugham met in Paris in 1906-1907.
- Crowley is the second image on the first row of the Beatles' Sgt. Pepper's Lonely Hearts Club Band album.
- Iron Maiden recorded two tracks that relate to Crowley: "Moonchild" from Seventh Son of a Seventh Son and "Revelations" from Piece of Mind.
- Ernest Hemingway references Crowley in his memoir "A Moveable Feast". In it, Ford Maddox Ford claims to have "cut" a man he thinks was Hilaire Belloc, but which in fact turns out to be "Alestair Crowley, the diabolist" .
- In the song Quicksand on his 1971 album Hunky Dory, David Bowie sings : “I'm closer to the Golden Dawn, Immersed in Crowley's uniform of imagery”.
- Crowley and his beliefs were the subject of testimony in the 1994 murder trial of Damien Echols, as shown in the documentary film Paradise Lost: The Child Murders at Robin Hood Hills.
- The Magical Diaries of Aleister Crowley (Tunisia 1923) : Edited by Stephen Skinner
- Bull, John. "The Wickedest Man in the World". Sunday Express, 24 Mar. 1923. Unverified that this is the article: Verification that the Sunday Express did make article:
- [Bottomley, Horatio] (1923-03-24). "The Wickedest Man In The World". John Bull. http://www.lashtal.com/nuke/module-subjects-viewpage-pageid-18.phtml. Retrieved 2006-05-28.
- Crowley, Aleister. Confessions.
- Diaries; page 10
- Sutin, pp. 80, 90-91
- Sutin, pp. 417-419
- Sutin p 411, 416, initial prescription p 277.
- Ernest Hemmingway, A Moveable Feast, from the chapter Ford Madox Ford and the Devil's Disciple
- 1923 March 24 - John Bull - Aleister Crowley Articles :: lashtal.com :: Home of The Aleister Crowley Society
- US Grand Lodge, OTO: Aleister Crowley
Other websites [change]
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