Apostasy in Islam
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- The follower of Islam must be an adult, the rules usually do not apply to children.
- The follower of Islam must be sane. Insane people cannot make decisions.
- The follower must change their religion because they want to. Being forced to change their religion is not apostasy.
Most Sunni Islam and the Twelvers Shi'a Islamic schools of thought agree that apostasy is a sin. There is a difference between harmful apostasy and harmless apostasy (also known as major and minor apostasy). According to Wael Hallaq nothing of the apostasy law are based on the Qur'an, although the jurist al-Shafi'i interpreted the Qu'ranic verse 2:217. This provided the main evidence for apostasy being a capital crime in Islam. Sharia says the punishment for apostasy should be death, but the Koran does not have a punishment for apostates in this world.
Some Islamic jurists argued or issued fatwas that either the changing of religion is not punishable or is only punishable under restricted circumstances Some groups within Islam, such as the Shi'a Ismaili, reject death for apostasy altogether.
Examples[change | change source]
- Salman Rushdie was condemned to death in 1989 by Ayatollah Khomeini, (ruler of Iran at the time) for his book The Satanic Verses
- Abdul Rahman, an Afghan convert to Christianity, was arrested and jailed on the charge of rejecting Islam in 2006 but later released as 'insane'.
References[change | change source]
- "Is Apostasy a Capital Crime in Islam?" Islam Online, 26 April 2006
- "Should an Apostate Be Put to Death?" www.islam.ca, 27 March, 2006
- "Apostasy Major and Minor", Qaradawi, 13 April 2006
- Encyclopedia of the Quran, Apostasy
- W. Heffening, in Encyclopedia of Islam
- Abdullah Saeed and Hassan Saeed (2004), Freedom of Religion, Apostasy and Islam, p. 85, Ashgate Publishing, ISBN 0754630838.
- Mohammad Hashim Kamali (1998), "Punishment in Islamic Law: A Critique of the Hudud Bill of Kelantan, Malaysia", Arab Law Quarterly 13 (3): 203-234, Brill Publishers.
- Grand Mufti Ali Gomaa, Gomaa's Statement on Apostasy, The Washington Post, July 25, 2007.
- Nashwa Abdel-Tawab, 'Whosoever will, let him disbelieve', Al-Ahram Weekly, Issue No. 857, 9-15 August 2007.
- Grand Ayatollah Hossein-Ali Montazeri: "Not Every Conversion is Apostasy", by Mahdi Jami, In Persian, BBC Persian, February 2, 2005, retrieved April 25, 2006
- What Islam says on religious freedom, by Magdi Abdelhadi, BBC Arab affairs analyst, 27 March 2006, retrieved April 25, 2006
- Fatwa on Intellectual Apostasy, Text of the fatwa by Sheikh Yusuf Al-Qaradawi
- S. A. Rahman in "Punishment of Apostasy in Islam", Institute of Islamic Culture, Lahore, 1972, pp. 10-13
- The punishment of apostasy in Islam, View of Dr. Ahmad Shafaat on apostasy.
- On this day: February 14, 1989; BBC News, accessed March 17, 2009
- "Afghan convert freed from prison", BBC News, March 28, 2006, retrieved April 11, 2006