Ayatollah Sayyed Ruhollah Mustafavi Khomeini (born September 24, 1902 [need more reference] in Khomein, Central Iran (then Persia), died June 3, 1989) (Persian: روح الله موسوی خمینی) also known as Imam Khomeini and Ayatollah Khomeini, was an Iranian Muslim leader. (An Imam is a spiritual leader who is respected, and an Ayatollah Sayyed is someone who holds both a political and religious position of power). Khomeini was the political leader of the Islamic Revolution in 1979.
Political life[change | change source]
On June 5, 1964, Khomeini was arrested and sent into exile. He was exiled to Iraq, Turkey and then to France. Khomeini gave many speeches in France against Mohammad Reza Pahlavi, the last Shah of Iran. On January 16, 1979, Pahlavi left Iran. Two weeks later, on February 1, Khomeini returned to Iran.
He received a traditional religious education in Qom (city in Iran). When he lived in Najaf (a holy city in Iraq) for some years, he spoke about Islam ideas about Government. During that time, he refined his theory of velayat-e faqih ("government of the jurist").
On February 11, 1979, Khomeini appointed his first own prime minister, Medhi Bazargan. On March 30, 1979 a referendum took place in Iran and as a result, the monarchy was replaced with an Islamic Republic. After the Islamic Revolution, Khomeini became Supreme Leader of Iran.
Rushdie fatwa[change | change source]
In early 1989 Khomeini issued a fatwā calling for Muslims to kill Salman Rushdie and "all those involved in the publication" of his book called The Satanic Verses. Rushdie has never been killed. However the Japanese translator of the book was stabbed to death in 1991.
Gallery[change | change source]
Khomeini pray Allah, Paris
References[change | change source]
- "BBC - History - Ayatollah Khomeini (1900-1989)". www.bbc.co.uk. http://www.bbc.co.uk/history/historic_figures/khomeini_ayatollah.shtml. Retrieved 2009-05-24.
- "Death of Ayatollah Khomeini — Appointment of President Khamenei as Khomeini's successor — Visit to Soviet Union by Rafsanjani". Keesing's Record of World Events, Volume 35, June, 1989 Iran, Page 36724. Keesing's World News Archive. http://www.keesings.com/search?kssp_selected_tab=article&kssp_a_id=36724n01irn. Retrieved 2009-05-29.
Other websites[change | change source]