Art Deco is a style of decorative art, design and architecture from the mid-1920s to the mid-40s in Europe, the United States and other countries. It first came about in France in 1925. Art Deco followed another design style, Art Nouveau, which was influenced by organic plant-like forms.
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Art Deco was one of the first styles of modern architecture. It was influenced by different styles and movements of the early 20th century, Neoclassical, Constructivism, Cubism, Modernism, and Futurism. Later Art Deco of the mid to late 1930s is also sometimes called Streamline Moderne.
One idea behind art deco architecture was to apparently streamline buildings the same way you would streamline a car. The style was much more common in commercial buildings than in houses; many banks, schools, and libraries were built in this style. Most of the public buildings built by the Works Progress Administration during the Great Depression are in the Art Deco style.
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One of the most famous Art Deco buildings are the Chrysler Building in New York City and the Chicago Board of Trade Building in Chicago. And another famous one is Bullock's Wilshire in Los Angeles. Many art deco buildings have elaborate terra cotta or murals inside them.
The towers of the Golden Gate Bridge have an art deco design.
References[change | change source]
- "Mumbai’s latest endangered species: its art deco heritage". Urban architecture.in. January 4, 2009. http://urbanarchitecture.in/mumbais-latest-endangered-species-its-art-deco-heritage.html. Retrieved August 15, 2009.
- Hillier, Bevis (1968). Art Deco: of the 20s and 30s. Studio Vista. p. 12. .