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Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Asterids
Order: Asterales
Family: Asteraceae
Subfamily: Carduoideae
Tribe: Cynareae
Genus: Cynara
Species: C. scolymus
Binomial name
Cynara scolymus

The Artichoke or Globe Artichoke (Cynara scolymus) is a perennial plant of the Asteraceae family, are originating in Southern Europe around the Mediterranean. The thick edible scales and bottom parts of the immature flower heads are culinary delicacy. The bottom part of the immature flower head called a heart.

Description[change | edit source]

It grows to 1.5 metres (4 ft 11 in) to 2 metres (6 ft 7 in) tall, with arching, deeply lobed, silvery glaucous-green leaves 50–82 cm long. The flowers develop in a large head from an edible bud about 8–15 cm diameter with numerous triangular scales; the individual florets are purple.