This photograph was clicked in a photo studio of Delhi before going for Central Assembly Hall action in first week of April 1929
|Born||28 September 1907. Banga village, Jaranwala Tehsil, Punjab, British India|
|Died||23 March 1931 (aged 23)
Lahore, Punjab, British India
|Influenced by||Anarchism, Communism, Socialism|
|Religion||Sikhism (early life),
Atheism (later life)
He was born in a Sikh family. His family had earlier been involved in revolutionary activities against the British Raj. When Bhagat Singh was a teenager, he studied European revolutionary movements. He became attracted to anarchist and Marxist ideologies.
He became involved in numerous revolutionary activities. He quickly gained prominence in the Hindustan Republican Association (HRA) and became one of it's chief leaders. Eventually, the name of the organization was changed to Hindustan Socialist Republican Association (HSRA). This happened in the year 1928.
Lala Lajpat Rai was killed at the hands of the police. Bhagat Singh wanted revenge for this incidence. He became involved in the murder of the British Police Officer John Saunders. The police tried to capture him. However, Bhagat Singh was successful in avoiding arrest.
He made a plan to bomb the Central Legislative Assembly. He partnered with Batukeshwar Dutt for this task. He bombarded the assembly with two bombs. They were shouting slogans of revolution and threw pamphlets.
After the bombarding, they surrendered. They were arrested. He was held on this charge in prison. He underwent a 116 day fast in jail and so he did not have food for that long. He did this to demand equal political rights for both British and Indian political prisoners. In response to this determined protest, he gained nationwide support.
References[change | edit source]
- Singh, Bhagat (5–6 October 1930). "Why I am an Atheist" (in Punjabi). http://www.marxists.org/archive/bhagat-singh/1930/10/05.htm. Retrieved 11 October 2011.
- Panikkar, K.N. (20 October 2007). "Celebrating Bhagat Singh". Frontline. http://www.webcitation.org/query?url=http%3A%2F%2Fwww.hindu.com%2Ffline%2Ffl2421%2Fstories%2F20071102500100400.htm&date=2012-03-30. Retrieved 11 October 2011.
- Datta, V. N. (11 March 2007). "Understanding Bhagat Singh". The Tribune (India). http://www.tribuneindia.com/2007/20070311/spectrum/book1.htm. Retrieved 11 October 2011.
- Dasgupta, Saibal (22 September 2010). "Bhagat Singh was set to become a Gandhian: Historian". The Times of India. http://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/india/Bhagat-Singh-was-set-to-become-a-Gandhian-Historian/articleshow/6607297.cms. Retrieved 11 October 2011.