Bukhara

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Bukhara
World Heritage Site
Mir-i Arab madrasah
Coordinates: 39°46′N 64°26′E / 39.767°N 64.433°E / 39.767; 64.433Coordinates: 39°46′N 64°26′E / 39.767°N 64.433°E / 39.767; 64.433
Country  Uzbekistan
Province Bukhara Province
Government
 • Hokim Rustamov Qiyomiddin Qahhorovich
Population (2009)
 • City 263,400
 • Urban 283,400
 • Metro 328,400
Time zone GMT +5
Postcode 2001ХХ
Area code(s) local 365, int. +99865

Bukhara[1] is the capital of the Bukhara Province of Uzbekistan. It is the nation's fifth-largest city. It had about 263,400 people at the 2009 census. People have lived in the area for at least five millennia, and the city has existed for half that time. The city is on the Silk Road. That made it a center of trade, scholarship, culture, and religion. The historic center of Bukhara, which has many mosques and madrassas, is listed by UNESCO as a World Heritage Site. There are many Uzbeks and Tajiks. The city has Jews and other ethnic minorities.

Names[change | change source]

Bukhara was called Bokhara in 19th and early 20th century English publications and as Buhe/Puhe(捕喝) in Tang Chinese.[2]

Transportation[change | change source]

The M37 highway connects the city to most of the major cities in Turkmenistan including Ashgabat.

Notable people[change | change source]

Stork's Nest at the top of a palace wall, before 1915
Trade dome Tagi Zargaron 16-th century (photo 2003)

Many important people lived in Bukhara in the past. Most famous of them are:

References[change | change source]

  1. Tajik: Бухоро (Bukhoro), Persian: بخارا; Uzbek: Buxoro; Russian: Бухара (Bukhara), from the Soghdian βuxārak ("lucky place")
  2. "UMID" Foundation, Uzbekistan. "General Info". http://www.umid.uz/Main/Uzbekistan/General_Info/general_info.html. Retrieved 2007-10-04.
This article is about a World Heritage Site