Crimea, sometimes also called The Crimea, is a peninsula in the Black Sea. The peninsula separates the Black Sea from the Sea of Azov. Crimea has a surface of 26,081 square kilometres (10,070 sq mi). About 1.95 million people live there.
The Ottoman Empire owned the peninsula for a long time. In the 18th century the Russian Empire took control. The Crimean War was fought here. The Soviet Union gave Crimea to Ukraine in 1954. It has a limited self-rule - it is an autonomous republic today. The seat of the government is Simferopol, which is also the biggest city. Other big cities are Sevastropol and Kerch.