East Pakistan

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East Pakistan
পূর্ব পাকিস্তান
مشرقی پاکستان
Former eastern wing of Pakistan

1955–1971
Flag Coat of arms
Motto
"Unity, Faith, Discipline"
Anthem
Pakistan Zindabad[source?]
Long Live Pakistan
National anthem
Qaumī Tarāna
Capital Dhaka
Language(s) Bengali (official)
Bihari
Urdu
English
Religion Islam
Government Socialist state (1954–58)
Presidential republic (1960–69)
Military government (1969–71)
Administrator
 - 1960–1962 Azam Khan
 - 1962–1969 Abdul Monem Khan
 - 1969–1971 Syed Mohammad Ahsan
 - 1971 Amir Abdullah Khan Niazi
Chief Ministers
 - 1955–1956, 1958 Abu Hussain Sarkar
 - 1956–1958 Ata-ur-Rahman Khan
Governors
 - 1955–1956 Amiruddin Ahmad
 - 1956–1958 A. K. Fazlul Huq
 - 1958–1960 Zakir Husain
Legislature Legislative Assembly
Historical era Cold War
 - Established 1955
 - Final settlement 22 November 1954
 - Bangladesh Liberation War 26 March 1971
 - Indo-Pakistani War 3 December 1971
 - Dissolution 16 December 1971
Area 147,570 km2 (56,977 sq mi)
Currency Pakistani rupee
Today part of  Bangladesh

East Pakistan (Bengali: পূর্ব পাকিস্তান Purbo Pakistan, Urdu: مشرقی پاکستان Mashriqi Pakistan) was a former province of Pakistan that existed between 1955 and 1971. It had an area of 55,126 mi² or (142,776 km²). It replaced the former province of East Bengal, and is now a country called Bangladesh.

Bengal was divided into East and West parts in 1947 when British India was separated into the countries of Pakistan and India, the eastern parts becoming East Bengal, one of the five provinces of Pakistan (the others being West Punjab, Sind, Baluchistan, and NWFP).

After independence from British rule, East Bengal was ruled by the Federal Pakistani government, which was ruled over by the Pakistani military, which mostly belonged to West Pakistan. Growing anger led to the "One Unit Policy", started in 1955, that put an end to the provinces. Under this policy, West Punjab, Balochistan, Sindh, and the Northwest Frontier were joined under the name of West Pakistan and East Bengal became East Pakistan. For administrative purposes it had four divisions, thirteen districts and fifty-seven thanas in 1970; until it was absorbed into the new country of Bangladesh in 1971.

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