Empress Matilda

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Matilda of England
Empress consort of the Holy Roman Empire; Queen consort of the Romans; later Duchess consort of the Romans
Empress matilda.jpg
Lady of the English (disputed)
Reign April 1141 - November 1141
Predecessor Stephen
Successor Stephen
Spouse Henry V, Holy Roman Emperor
m. 1114 dec. 1125
Geoffrey V, Count of Anjou
m. 1128 dec. 1151
Issue
Henry II of England
Geoffrey VI, Count of Anjou
William, Count of Poitou
Father Henry I of England
Mother Matilda of Scotland
Born c.7 February 1102
Winchester
Died 10 September 1167
Rouen
Burial Rouen
Empress Matilda

Empress Matilda (c. February 1101–10 September 1167), sometimes called Empress Maud, was the second child of Henry I of England and Matilda of Scotland. She was called "empress" because as a child she was married to Henry V, Holy Roman Emperor. She was Queen of England for a short time in 1141. She fought against King Stephen who was the nephew of Henry I. Their argument ended when Matilda's son, Henry, was named by King Stephen as his successor at the treaty of Wallingford in 1153. This happened because Stephen's own chosen successor, his son Eustace, died in 1153.