Henry III of England

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Henry III
King of England; Lord of Ireland
Henry III - Illustration from Cassell's History of England
Reign 18/19 October 1216 – 16 November 1272
Coronation 28 October 1216, Gloucester
17 May 1220, Westminster Abbey
Predecessor John
Successor Edward I
Regent William Marshal, 1st Earl of Pembroke (1216–1219)
Hubert de Burgh, 1st Earl of Kent (1219–1227)
Spouse Eleanor of Provence
Issue
Edward I
Margaret, Queen of Scots
Beatrice, Duchess of Brittany
Edmund "Crouchback", Earl of Leicester and Lancaster
House House of Plantagenet
Father John
Mother Isabella of Angouleme
Born 1 October 1207(1207-10-01)
Winchester Castle, Hampshire
Died 16 November 1272(1272-11-16) (aged 65)
Westminster, London
Burial Westminster Abbey, London

Henry III (1 October 1207–16 November 1272) became King of England in 1216 when he was less than ten years old. He continued to be king for 56 years until he died in 1272. He was married to Eleanor of Provence. He is creditied for re-developing certain aspects of Westminister Abbey and his interest in architecture and decoration. He improved the Tower of London's defences and kept lions, an elephant and a polar bear in the tower. Discovered after his death, his tomb reveals Henry III was about 5’ 6” tall and had a drooping left eyelid. Henry was an unpopular monarch