Ferdinand Magellan (1480 – April 27 1521); Portuguese: Fernão de Magalhães; Spanish: Fernando de Magallanes) was a Portuguese sea explorer. He became the first European who sailed on the Pacific Ocean, and the first to sail a ship around the entire world. Magellan's voyage proved that the Earth was round.
He was born in Oporto in 1480. He worked in a royal court where he learned many important skills, including map making, navigation and astronomy. In 1505 he joined the navy. When he worked for Portugal, he went to many parts of the world, such as India, the Spice Islands, East Africa, and Morocco. After he lost his job for the King of Portugal, he went to work for the King of Spain.
He was also the first to sail through the Strait of Magellan, so it was named for him. Magellan himself was killed in the Philippines, because he had traded with them with iron and fruits and thought, somehow, they were stealing. He ordered his crew to start a fire and some islanders died, which started the fight. The other 18 sailors, led by Juan Sebastián del Cano survived the entire voyage and returned to Spain in 1522. This was the first ship known to sail around the world. One of the crew, Henry, a Malay interpreter who was picked up by Magellan on his earlier trip for Portugal, became the very first person known to travel all the way around the world, when they reached his home country and he stayed there.
- "Ferdinand Magellan Biography" (in English). The Encyclopedia of World Biography. http://simple.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Ferdinand_Magellan&action=edit. Retrieved 2010-02-07.