French and Indian War
The French and Indian War was a part of the Seven Years' War. It took place between 1754 and 1763. The name refers to the part of the Seven Years' War that was fought in what is now the United States and Canada. The war was between the French with Indian allies and the British with British-American and Indian allies. The war is called The Conquest War in Quebec and Ontario, Canada
[change] Causes of the War
There were many causes for the war. Some included:
- Both the British and the French said they owned the land. This land was between the Appalachian Mountains and the Mississippi River, from the Great Lakes to the Gulf of Mexico. It was known as the Ohio Country.
- Both European countries ignored Native American claims to the land. They used the land to support their beaver pelt economies.
- The British colonists feared the control of a pope in North America. France's land was controlled by the French and the Roman Catholic Church. The Protestant British settlers saw this as a threat to their religious freedoms that they had under English law.
The fighting in North American stopped on Sept. 8, 1763. It ended with the surrender of Montreal and all of Canada to Britain. The war ended with the signing of the Treaty of Paris on February 10, 1763. France lost all of its North American lands east of the Mississippi. All of Canada was given to Britain except for two small islands near Newfoundland. France got the Caribbean islands of Guadeloupe and Martinique.
[change] Other websites
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to: Category:French and Indian War|
- The French and Indian War Website
- U-S-History.com: Background of the French and Indian War
- Canadian military Heritage: the Conquest
- The War That Made America PBS site and Links
- French and Indian War Timeline