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Friedrich Rittelmeyer (5 October 1872 – 23 March 1938) was a German Protestant theologian. He was born in Dillingen an der Donau, Bavaria. From 1895 to 1922 he worked as a Lutheran pastor in Würzburg, Nuremberg and Berlin. In 1922 he became the founder (and leader up to his death) of The Christian Community, a christian denomination, inspired by anthroposophy. He died in Hamburg.