Würzburg

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search

For other meanings of Würzburg, please see Würzburg (disambiguation).

The title of this article contains the character ü. Where it is unavailable or not wanted, the name may be written as Wuerzburg.
Würzburg
City view from Fortress Marienberg
City view from Fortress Marienberg
Coat of arms of Würzburg
Würzburg is located in Germany
Würzburg
Coordinates 49°47′0″N 09°56′0″E / 49.783333°N 9.933333°E / 49.783333; 9.933333
Administration
Country Germany
State Bavaria
Admin. region Lower Franconia
District Urban district
Mayor Georg Rosenthal (SPD)
Basic statistics
Area 87.63 km2 (33.83 sq mi)
Elevation 177 m  (581 ft)
Population 124,577  (31 December 2012)
 - Density 1,422 /km2 (3,682 /sq mi)
Other information
Time zone CET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)
Licence plate
Postal codes 97018 – 97084
Area code 0931

Würzburg is a city in the German state of Bavaria. It has about 124,000 inhabitants and a university.

Würzburg is the seat of a Roman Catholic bishop.

In about 1000 BC there was a Celtic settlement in that place. In 698 AD Würzburg became Christianised. The first mention was in 704 AD. In 742 Würzburg became the seat of a bishop. From 1168 the bishops of Würzburg had the title Herzog (Duke), given by the emperor.

In 1402 Würzburg got a university. It later closed and then reopened in 1582. In 1631 Gustavus Adolphus of Sweden conquered Würzburg in the 30-year war. In 1803 the Duchy of Würzburg became part of Bavaria, in 1938 the city had more than 100,000 inhabitants for the first time. In 1945 the city was nearly completely destroyed.

Its football team is Würzburger Kickers