Gordon Brown

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The Right Honourable
Gordon Brown
MP
Prime Minister of the United Kingdom
In office
27 June 2007 – 11 May 2010
&&&&&&&&&&&&&&02.&&&&&02 years, &&&&&&&&&&&&0318.&&&&&0318 days
Monarch Elizabeth II
Preceded by Tony Blair
Succeeded by David Cameron
Chancellor of the Exchequer
In office
2 May 1997 – 27 June 2007
&&&&&&&&&&&&&010.&&&&&010 years, &&&&&&&&&&&&&056.&&&&&056 days
Prime Minister Tony Blair
Preceded by Kenneth Clarke
Succeeded by Alistair Darling
Member of Parliament
for Kirkcaldy and Cowdenbeath
Dunfermline East (1983-2005)
Incumbent
Assumed office
9 June 1983
&&&&&&&&&&&&&030.&&&&&030 years, &&&&&&&&&&&&0313.&&&&&0313 days
Preceded by New Constituency
Majority 18,216 (43.6%)
Personal details
Born 20 February 1951 (1951-02-20) (age 63)
Govan Glasgow, Scotland
Political party Labour
Spouse(s) Sarah Macaulay (m. 2000-present)
Children Jennifer (deceased), John, James
Residence 10 Downing Street
(2007-2010)
Alma mater University of Edinburgh
Occupation Politician
Profession Academic
Religion Church of Scotland
Website 10 Downing Street

James Gordon Brown (born 20 February 1951) was the Prime Minister of the United Kingdom and was the leader of the British Labour Party. He is the Labour MP Representative for the Kirkcaldy and Cowdenbeath UK Constituency.

He was born in Glasgow, Scotland and is married to Sarah Macaulay. Their daughter Jennifer Jane died as a baby. They have two sons, John Macaulay and James Fraser. Brown is blind in his left eye after a sports injury but he has a replacement eye made of glass.

Brown took over as the Prime Minister of the United Kingdom after Tony Blair resigned on 27 June 2007. Before this, he had been Chancellor of the Exchequer since May 1997.

Brown has a PhD in history from the University of Edinburgh. He spent his early career working as a television journalist.[1][2] He has been a Member of Parliament since 1983. At the beginning for Dunfermline East and since 2005 for Kirkcaldy and Cowdenbeath.[3][4] As Prime Minister of the United Kingdom, he was also First Lord of the Treasury and the Minister for the Civil Service.

Brown's time as Chancellor was marked by major reform of Britain's financial and fiscal policy architecture. For example was the interest rate setting power transferred to the Bank of England. This was done by a wide extension of the powers of the Treasury to cover much domestic policy and by giving the responsibility for banking supervision to the Financial Services Authority.[5] Controversial moves included the abolition of Advance Corporation Tax (ACT) relief in his first budget,[6][7] and the removal in his final budget of the 10 per cent "starting rate" of personal income tax which he had introduced in 1999.[8]

After an initial rise in opinion polls,[9] Brown's time as Prime Minister has seen his approval ratings fall. The Labour Party suffered its worst local election results in 40 years.[10][11] Despite public and parliamentary pressure on his leadership, he remained leader of the Labour Party. He announced on the 6 April 2010 that there would be a general election on 6 May 2010, in which Labour came second, with 258 seats. Brown resigned, allowing Conservative leader David Cameron to become Prime Minister.

On 14 July 2012, United Nations Secretary-General Ban ki-moon named Brown UN Special Envoy for Education.

References[change | edit source]

  1. Kearney, Martha (14 March 2005). "Brown seeks out 'British values'". BBC News (BBC). http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/programmes/newsnight/4347369.stm. Retrieved 17-10-2009.
  2. "The Gordon Brown story". BBC News (BBC). 27 June 2007. http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/uk_politics/6743875.stm. Retrieved 17-10-2009.
  3. "Brown is UK's new prime minister". BBC News (BBC). 27 June 2007. http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/uk_politics/6245682.stm. Retrieved 17-10-2009.
  4. "Gordon Brown". BBC News (BBC). 19 November 2007. http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/shared/mpdb/html/712.stm. Retrieved 17-10-2009.
  5. "Memorandum of Understanding between HM Treasury, the Bank of England and the Financial Services Authority". HM Treasury, Bank of England, FSA. 1997. http://www.bankofengland.co.uk/financialstability/mou.pdf. Retrieved 17-10-2009.
  6. Halligan, Liam (16 October 2006). "Brown's raid on pensions costs Britain £100 billion". Telegraph. http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/uknews/1531448/Brown's-raid-on-pensions-costs-Britain-andpound100-billion.html. Retrieved 17-10-2009.
  7. "Pension blame falls on Brown". The Guardian. http://www.guardian.co.uk/business/2002/jul/22/money.politics. Retrieved 17-10-2009.
  8. "Q&A: 10p tax rate cut". The Guardian. http://www.guardian.co.uk/politics/2008/apr/21/economy.labour. Retrieved 17-10-2009.
  9. "New British PM gives party biggest poll lead in two years". The Philippine Star. 15 July 2007. http://www.philstar.com/Article.aspx?articleId=6018. Retrieved 17-10-2009.
  10. "Labour suffers wipeout in its worst local election results". The Times. http://www.timesonline.co.uk/tol/news/uk/article6440935.ece. Retrieved 17-10-2009.
  11. Labour slumps to historic defeat, BBC News, 8 June 2009