Robert Gascoyne-Cecil, 3rd Marquess of Salisbury

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The Marquess of Salisbury
Prime Minister of the United Kingdom
In office
23 June 1885 – 28 January 1886
Preceded by William Ewart Gladstone
Succeeded by William Ewart Gladstone
In office
25 July 1886 – 11 August 1892
Preceded by William Ewart Gladstone
Succeeded by William Ewart Gladstone
In office
25 June 1895 – 11 July 1902
Preceded by The Earl of Rosebery
Succeeded by Arthur Balfour
Personal details
Born 3 February 1830(1830-02-03)
Hatfield, Hertfordshire, England
Died 22 August 1903(1903-08-22) (aged 73)
Hatfield, Hertfordshire, England
Political party Conservative

Robert Arthur Talbot Gascoyne-Cecil, 3rd Marquess of Salisbury (3 February 1830 - 22 August 1903) was a Prime Minister of the United Kingdom. He was known as Lord Robert Cecil before 1865 and as Viscount Cranborne from 1865 until 1868.

Lord Cecil was elected to Parliament in 1853 as a member of the Conservative Party. In 1866 (now called Viscount Cranborne), he served as Secretary of State for India under Prime Minister Lord Derby. Cranborne resigned, but he would return to government in 1874, now as the Marquess of Salisbury. Salisbury was again Secretary of State for India under Prime Minister Benjamin Disraeli. In 1878, Salisbury became Foreign Secretary in the Disraeli government.

Salisbury became the Conservative Party leader. Salisbury first served as Prime Minister from June 23, 1885, to January 28, 1886. His first government did not last long as the Conservatives did not have full control.

Salisbury became Prime Minister again on July 25, 1886, with a majority. He would be in office until August 11, 1892 and a third time from June 25, 1895, until July 11, 1902.

Salisbury helped establish the London County Council. Salisbury built up the Royal Navy. Africa was divided up into colonies. The United Kingdom fought the Second Boer War while Salisbury was Prime Minister.

Salisbury resigned on 11 July 1902. He died on 22 August 1903.