Haryana

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Haryana
हरियाणा
State of India

Flag
Location of Haryana in the Republic of India
Map of Haryana
Coordinates (Chandigarh): 30°44′N 76°47′E / 30.73°N 76.78°E / 30.73; 76.78Coordinates: 30°44′N 76°47′E / 30.73°N 76.78°E / 30.73; 76.78
Country  India
Zone Northern
Established 1 November 1966
Capital Chandigarh
Largest city Faridabad
Districts 21
Government
 • Body Haryana Legislative Assembly
 • Governor Jagannath Pahadia
 • Chief Minister Bhupinder Singh Hooda (INC)
 • Legislature Unicameral (90 seats)
 • Lok Sabha constituencies 10
 • Rajya Sabha constituencies 5
Area
 • State of India 44,212 km2 (17,070 sq mi)
Area rank 20
 • Area under forest 1,684 km2 (650 sq mi)
 • Net sown area 3,550 km2 (1,370 sq mi)
Population (2011)
 • State of India 25,353,081
 • Rank 16
 • Density 573/km2 (1,480/sq mi)
 • Density rank 11
 • Urban 8,821,588
 • Rural 16,531,493
Languages
 • Official Hindi, Punjabi[1]
 • Regional Haryanvi
State symbols
 • Bird Black Francolin
 • Animal Nilgai
 • Flower Lotus
 • Tree Peepal
Time zone IST (UTC+05:30)
ISO 3166 code IN-HR
Vehicle registration HR-xx
HDI Increase 0.644 (medium)
HDI rank 17th (2011)
Literacy 76.64 %
Sex ratio 877
Life expectancy 66.2
GDP INR3,093.26 billion (2011–12)

Haryana (Doabi: ਹਰਿਆਣਾ, ਇੰਡੀਆ) is a state in the Republic of India. It is the birthplace of Hinduism. The main language spoken in the area is Haryanvi. The area is 17,122 square miles (44,350 km2). It is larger than Denmark but smaller than Estonia.

Provincial symbols of Haryana[change | edit source]

Sources[change | edit source]