History of video game consoles (first generation)
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The first generation of video game consoles lasted from 1972 until 1977. The start of the first generation began with the release of Magnavox Odyssey. The first generation ended in 1977 because of the video game crash of 1977.
Home systems[change | change source]
Comparison[change | change source]
|Name||Magnavox Odyssey||Magnavox Odyssey Series||Atari/Sears Tele-Games Pong||Coleco Telstar||Nintendo Color TV Game|
|Launch price||US$100||US$100–230||US$98.95||US$50||¥8,300 - ¥48,000 (Roughly $100 – $594.80 USD Today)|
|Release date||NA May 1972
|Media||Cartridge||n/a||Inbuilt Chip||Cartridge (Telstar Arcade)||n/a|
|Accessories (retail)||Light gun||n/a||n/a||Controller styles||n/a|
|Sales||330,000||150,000||1 million||3 million|
Pong on a chip[change | change source]
|AY-3-8500||1976||General Instrument||No (1)||Tennis, soccer, squash, practice, 2 rifle games||Telstar (Telstar, Classic, Deluxe, Ranger, Alpha, Colormatic, Regent, Sportsman)
Radio Shack TV Scoreboard
Philips Tele-Spiel ES2203 and ES2204
Videomaster (Strika, Strika 2,ColourScore 2, SuperScore)
APF TV Fun (Model 401)
|AY-3-8510||1978?||General Instrument||Yes||Tennis, hockey, squash, jai alai||Telstar Colortron
|AY-3-8512||1978?||General Instrument||Yes||Tennis, hockey, squash, jai alai, skeet, target||Telstar Marksman
|AY-3-8600||1977||General Instrument||No(2)||8 games with balls and paddles||Telstar Galaxy
Philips Tele-Spiel ES2218
|AY-3-8610||1977||General Instrument||No(2)||8 games with balls and paddles + 2 rifle games||Videomaster Sportsworld
Philco/Ford Telejogo II
|AY-3-8550||1976?||General Instrument||No(1)||The same of 8500 but with the addition of horizontal movement of player||Philips Tele-Spiel ES2208|
|AY-3-8700||1978?||General Instrument||4 games with tanks||Telstar Combat!
|MPS-7600-001,002,003,004 (3)(4)||1977||MOS Technology||The four versions of chip usually support 4 games.||Telstar Gemini(only version 004).
Telstar Arcade(all 4 versions).
Commodore TV Game 2000K/3000H (only version 001).
|MM-57100/MM-57105(PAL)||1976||National Semiconductor||Yes||Tennis, Hockey, Squash||National Adversary
Philips Odyssey 2001
Videomaster (ColourScore, VisionScore, ColourShot)
|MM-57106/MM-57186(PAL)||1977||National Semiconductor||Yes||Tennis, Hockey, Squash, Breakout, Flipper e Football.||Philips N30
Philips Odyssey 2100
|F4301||1976||Universal Research Labs||N/A||Two games with balls and paddles and two games of car racing||Indy 500 system (Video Action 4)
Sears/Atari Speedway e Speedway IV
Interton Video 2800
MBO Tele-Ball VIII
|SN76410N||1977||Texas Instruments||N/A||Six games of balls and paddles||Tele-Match 3300R
Ricochet Super Pro (modello MT-4A)
Venture Electronics Video Sports VS-5
|3659-3||1975||Atari||No||Pong||Atari PONG Doubles
Sears PONG IV
|C010073-3||1976||Atari||No||4 Pong games||Atari/Sears Super PONG|
|C010073-01/C2607||1976||Atari||N/A||10 Pong games||Atari Super PONG Ten|
|C010765||1977||Atari||N/A||Atari Ultra PONG
Atari Ultra PONG Doubles
|C011500-11/C011512-05 (4)||1977||Atari||N/A||7 games (example: Pinball, Basketball and Breakout)||Atari Video Pinball|
References[change | change source]
- "Atari home PONG systems". Pong-Story. http://www.pong-story.com/atpong2.htm. Retrieved 2010-09-13.
- "Magnavox Odyssey, the first video game system". Pong-Story. 1972-06-27. http://www.pong-story.com/odyssey.htm. Retrieved 2012-11-17.
- Ellis, David (2004). "Dedicated Consoles". Official Price Guide to Classic Video Games. Random House. pp. 33–36. .
- Kent, Steven (2001). "Strange Bedfellows". Ultimate History of Video Games. Three Rivers Press. pp. 94–95. .
- Herman, Leonard (1997). Phoenix: the fall & rise of videogames (2nd ed. ed.). Union, NJ: Rolenta Press. p. 20. . http://books.google.co.uk/books?id=duITAQAAIAAJ. Retrieved 16 February 2012. "Like Pong, Telstar could only play video tennis but it retailed at an inexpensive $50 that made it attractive to most families that were on a budget. Coleco managed to sell over a million units that year."
- Sheff, David; Eddy, Andy (1999), Game Over: How Nintendo Conquered the World, GamePress, p. 27, , "Nintendo entered the home market in Japan with the dramatic unveiling of Color TV Game 6, which played six versions of light tennis. It was followed by a more powerful sequel, Color TV Game 15. A million units of each were sold. The engineering team also came up with systems that played a more complex game, called "Blockbuster," as well as a racing game. Half a million units of these were sold."
- "Gemini TV Game Circuits" (PDF). Pong-story.com. Archived from the original on 2010-12-17. http://web.archive.org/web/20101217052910/http://pong-story.com/GIMINI1978.pdf. Retrieved 2012-11-17.
Other websites[change | change source]
- How Video Games Invaded the Home TV Set by Ralph Baer
- "A History of Home Video Game Consoles". Archived from the original on 2007-12-26. http://web.archive.org/web/20071226012027/http://www.informit.com/articles/article.aspx?p=378141. by Michael Miller
- Video Game Consoles (1970-1976)
- The Dot Eaters: Bits From the Primordial Ooze
- ClassicGaming Expo 2000: Baer Describes the Birth of Videogames
- Video Games Turn 40 (1UP.com)