Internal conflict in Myanmar
|Internal conflict in Burma|
| Union government (1948–1962)
Military government (since 1962)
Democratic Karen Buddhist Army (1994–2010)
Karen National Union (since 1949)
Wa National Army (1975-1988)
Kachin Independence Organisation (since 1961)
Pa-O National Organization (1949-1991)
|Commanders and leaders|
|Sao Shwe Thaik (1948-1952)|| Bo Mya (1976-2000)
Pado Phan (2000-2010)
|Casualties and losses|
|between 5,000 and 10,000 killed (June 2011- September 2012)||:Over 700 killed (June 2011- September 2012)|
|210,000 killed (1948-2006)
Over 10,000 civilians killed in Rakhine State (in 2012)
The internal conflict in Burma is a group of civil wars between the Government of Myanmar and armies of different ethnic minority groups. The cause of the wars is the government's refusal to give minority groups the amount of political power that they want and a feeling that minority rights are not respected by the government. Since independence from Britain in 1948 hundreds of thousands of Myanmar's citizens have been killed in the wars and millions have become refugees.
In January 2013, British and European politicians called on Myanmar to stop its military offensive in the mostly Christian state of Kachin.
References[change | change source]
- Richard Michael Gibson (2011). The Secret Army: Chiang Kai-shek and the Drug Warlords of the Golden Triangle. John Wiley and Sons. pp. 85–90. ISBN 978-0-470-83018-5.
- Richard, p. 88
- Burma center for Ethnic Studies, Jan. 2012, "Briefing Paper No. 1" http://www.burmalibrary.org/docs13/BCES-BP-01-ceasefires(en).pdf
- Rotberg, Robert (1998). Burma: prospects for a democratic future. Brookings Institution Press. p. 169.
- AP, 4 May 2012, Myanmar state media report battles between government troops, Kachin rebels killed 31
- Time for Thein Sein to come clean about Burmese losses in Kachin state, Kachin News, 22 September 2012 By Edward Chung Ho, http://kachinnews.com/news/2408-time-for-thein-sein-to-come-clean-about-burmese-losses-in-kachin-state.html
- 31 dead in new clashes with Kachin: Myanmar paper,May 5, 2012, http://dailytimes.com.pk/default.asp?page=2012\05\05\story_5-5-2012_pg14_7
- KIA says 211 army soldiers die in two-month fighting in Hpakant, Oct. 10, 2012, http://www.kachinnews.com/news/2418-kia-says-211-army-soldiers-die-in-two-month-fighting-in-hpakant.html
- De re militari: muertos en Guerras, Dictaduras y Genocidios
- RISE's Urgent Call for Intervention: Rohingyas death toll 10,000, The Humanitarian Crisis Hub, Nov. 1, 2012, http://crisishub.org.au/news/rises-urgent-call-intervention-rohingyas-death-toll-10000
- Barnabas Fund