Iqaluit, Nunavut

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Iqaluit
ᐃᖃᓗᐃᑦ
Frobisher Bay
Location of Iqaluit in Nunavut, Canada
Iqaluit
Location of Iqaluit in Nunavut, Canada
Coordinates: 63°44′55″N 68°31′11″W / 63.74861°N 68.51972°W / 63.74861; -68.51972Coordinates: 63°44′55″N 68°31′11″W / 63.74861°N 68.51972°W / 63.74861; -68.51972
Settled 1942
City status April 19, 2001
Government
 • Type Iqaluit Municipal Council
 • Mayor Elisapee Sheutiapik
Area[1]
 • Total 52.34 km2 (20.21 sq mi)
Population (2006)[1]
 • Total 6,184
 • Density 118/km2 (310/sq mi)
Time zone North American Eastern Time Zone (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) -4 (UTC)

Iqaluit is the capital of and largest community in Nunavut Territory in Canada. It is the most northerly capital in Canada, and is also Canada's fastest growing community.[2] The name Iqaluit is Inuktitut word meaning "place of many fish".[3] It is built on the mouth of the Sylvia Grinnell River, on Frobisher's Bay. English explorer Martin Frobisher sailed into the bay in 1576 and thought he had discovered the Northwest Passage.[3] The settlement was called Frobisher's Bay from 1955 until 1987.[3]

Its weather is normally cold.

References[change | change source]

Iqaluit Climatological Data
Temperature
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Mean
Record high °C (°F) 4 (39) 4 (39) 4 (39) 7 (45) 13 (55) 22 (72) 26 (79) 26 (79) 17 (63) 7 (45) 6 (43) 4 (39)
Average high °C (°F) -23 (-9) -24 (-11) -19 (-2) -10 (14) -1 (30) 7 (45) 12 (54) 10 (50) 5 (41) -2 (28) -9 (16) -19 (-2) -6 (21)
Mean °C (°F) -27 (-17) -28 (-18) -24 (-11) -15 (5) -4 (25) 4 (39) 8 (46) 7 (45) 2 (36) -5 (23) -13 (9) -23 (-9) -10 (14)
Average low °C (°F) -31 (-24) -32 (-26) -29 (-20) -20 (-4) -8 (18) 0 (32) 4 (39) 3 (37) -0 (32) -8 (18) -18 (-0) -27 (-17) -14 (7)
Record low °C (°F) -45 (-49) -46 (-51) -45 (-49) -34 (-29) -26 (-15) -10 (14) -3 (27) -3 (27) -13 (9) -27 (-17) -36 (-33) -43 (-45)
Precipitation and Sunshine Hours
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Total
Total mm (in) 21 (0.8) 15 (0.6) 22 (0.9) 28 (1.1) 27 (1.1) 35 (1.4) 59 (2.2) 66 (2.6) 55 (2.2) 37 (1.5) 29 (1.1) 18 (0.7) 412 (16.2)
Rainfall mm (in) 0 (0) 0 (0) 0 (0) 0 (0) 3 (0.1) 25 (1.0) 59 (2.3) 65 (2.6) 42 (1.7) 5 (0.2) 1 (0) 0 (0) 198 (7.8)
Snowfall cm (in) 23 (9.1) 16 (6.3) 25 (9.8) 32 (12.6) 25 (9.8) 10 (3.9) 0 (0) 1 (0.4) 14 (5.5) 35 (13.8) 32 (12.6) 22 (8.7) 236 (92.9)
Sunshine hours 34 98 170 224 194 197 218 170 89 54 40 19 1506
Data recorded at Iqaluit Airport for Environment Canada. Average data recorded over a 30 year span from 1971 to 2000.

References[change | change source]