Nova Scotia is a small province found on the east coast of Canada. The capital and biggest city of Nova Scotia is Halifax. Right now, over 900,000 people live in Nova Scotia, which is about the same number of people who live in Calgary, Alberta. People who live in Nova Scotia are called Nova Scotians.
What is now called "Nova Scotia" used to be controlled by the Micmac Indians. The French settled among them at Port Royal after 1600, and called the land part of Acadia. In 1710 in a war between Britain and France, the British captured Port Royal, Acadia's capital, and went on to capture all of the peninsula. It was the first time that the British had captured and held a French colony.
The name "Nova Scotia" is Latin for "New Scotland".