Provinces and territories of Canada

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Canada's land is composed of thirteen parts: ten provinces and three territories. Canada is governed on the principles of a federation: the Provinces' governments share power with the Government of Canada (the federal government). The territories' governments have a more limited set of powers versus the federal government than that of the provinces'.

The provinces are in the south of Canada, and the territories are in the north, where fewer people live.

Here is a list of the provinces, and their standard abbreviations, with their capitals (the cities where their governments have their offices). Canada's capital city is Ottawa.

Pacific Coast or West Coast

The Prairies

Central Canada

  • ON is Ontario (its capital is Toronto)
  • QC is Quebec (its capital is Quebec City) (the abbreviation 'PQ' is still used in place of the more commonly accepted 'QC')

Atlantic Canada

The Maritimes

The three territories are: