Vancouver

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City of Vancouver
Clockwise from top: Downtown Vancouver from False Creek, The University of British Columbia, Lions Gate Bridge, view from the Granville Street Bridge, Burrard Bridge, The Millennium Gate (Chinatown), and totem poles in Stanley Park

Flag
Motto: "By Sea, Land, and Air We Prosper"
Vancouver is located in British Columbia
City of Vancouver
Where Vancouver is located in British Columbia
Coordinates: 49°15′N 123°6′W / 49.25°N 123.1°W / 49.25; -123.1Coordinates: 49°15′N 123°6′W / 49.25°N 123.1°W / 49.25; -123.1
Country Canada
Province British Columbia
Region Lower Mainland
Regional District Metro Vancouver
Government
 • Mayor Gregor Robertson (Vision Vancouver)
 • City Council Raymond Louie
Kerry Jang
Heather Deal
Andrea Reimer
Tim Stevenson
Geoff Meggs
Tony Tang
Elizabeth Ball
George Affleck
Adriane Carr
Area
 • City 114.97 km2 (44.39 sq mi)
 • Metro 2,878.52 km2 (1,111.40 sq mi)
Elevation 0-152 m (0-501 ft)
Population (2011)
 • City 603,502
 • Density 5,249/km2 (13,590/sq mi)
Time zone PST (UTC-8)
 • Summer (DST) PDT (UTC-7)
Postal code span V5K to V6Z
Area code(s) 604, 778

Vancouver is a coastal city and major seaport on the mainland of southwestern British Columbia, Canada. The city, with a population of over 570,000, is the largest city in British Columbia. Metro Vancouver has a population over 2 million,[1] making it the third largest metropolitan area in Canada. Vancouver has a mix of people from different cultures, with 52% of city residents having a first language other than English.[2][3]

History[change | change source]

Native people began living in this area around 10,000-8,000 years ago. These people were part of three main groups: the Squamish, Musqueam, and Tsleil-Waututh.[4][5]

Vancouver was founded in 1886, and is named after British naval captain George Vancouver. Captain Vancouver explored the area around Vancouver and Vancouver Island in the 1790s.

Buildings and information[change | change source]

The University of British Columbia is in Vancouver.

Vancouver also has Stanley Park which has beaches and totem poles. Nearby is Grouse Mountain which has excellent skiing and has a 2.9 km (1.8 mi.) hiking trail which is known as the Grouse Grind. Grouse Mountain also has an animal sanctuary, including wolves and bears.

The Lions Gate Bridge is in Vancouver.

Sports[change | change source]

Rogers Arena is the home of the Vancouver Canucks

Vancouver has two ice hockey teams, the Vancouver Canucks (who play for the National Hockey League) and the Vancouver Giants (who play for the Western Hockey League).

The BC Lions of the Canadian Football League are based in Vancouver. the team has won 6 Grey Cups.

In soccer, Vancouver is home to the Vancouver Whitecaps FC.

The 2010 Winter Olympics were held in Vancouver and was the first time Canada won a gold medal on Canadian soil.

Geography[change | change source]

Vancouver is on a peninsula on the West Coast of Canada, less than a one hour drive north of the Canada-U.S. border. Between Vancouver and the Pacific Ocean to the west is a large island called Vancouver Island. Until the city was named in 1885, "Vancouver" referred to Vancouver Island. Some people mistakenly think that the city is on Vancouver Island. On the south shore of Vancouver is the Fraser River, which flows west into the Strait of Georgia. The water along the north shore is called Burrard Inlet. The city has an area of 114 square kilometres (44 sq mi). The larger metropolitan area is 2,878 square kilometres (1,111 sq mi). As with most of British Columbia, Vancouver is in the Pacific Time Zone (UTC−8).

Climate[change | change source]

Vancouver has a warm-summer Mediterranean climate (Csb in the Koeppen climate classification). The average annual rainfall is 1155 mm, mostly from October to April. High temperatures in the summer average 22°C. The highest temperature ever recorded was 34.4°C on July 30, 2009. On average, snow falls on only 11 days per year. The snow is usually wet, not very deep, and melts in the rain. On average, on only 4.5 days a year does the temperature not rise above freezing.

Vancouver Climatological Data
Temperature
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C
(°F)
15.3
(60)
18.4
(65)
19.4
(67)
25.0
(77)
30.4
(87)
30.6
(87)
34.4
(94)
33.3
(92)
29.3
(85)
23.7
(75)
18.4
(65)
14.9
(59)
34.4
(94)
Average high °C
(°F)
6.1
(43)
8.0
(46)
10.1
(50)
13.1
(56)
16.5
(62)
19.2
(67)
21.7
(71)
21.9
(71)
18.7
(66)
13.5
(56)
9.0
(48)
6.2
(43)
13.7
(57)
Mean °C
(°F)
3.3
(38)
4.8
(41)
6.6
(44)
9.2
(49)
12.5
(55)
15.2
(59)
17.5
(64)
17.6
(64)
14.6
(58)
10.1
(50)
6.0
(43)
3.5
(38)
10.1
(50)
Average low °C
(°F)
0.5
(33)
1.5
(35)
3.1
(38)
5.3
(42)
8.4
(47)
11.2
(53)
13.2
(56)
13.4
(56)
10.5
(51)
6.6
(44)
3.1
(38)
0.8
(33)
6.5
(44)
Record low °C
(°F)
-17.8
(-0)
-16.1
(3)
-9.4
(15)
-3.3
(26)
0.6
(33)
3.9
(39)
6.7
(43)
6.1
(44)
0
(32)
-5.9
(21)
-14.3
(6)
-17.8
(-0)
-17.8
(-0)
Average Precipitation and Sunshine Hours
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Total
Total
Precipitation
mm
(in)
153.6
(6.1)
123.1
(4.9)
114.3
(4.5)
84
(3.3)
67.9
(2.7)
54.8
(2.2)
39.6
(1.6)
39.1
(1.5)
53.5
(2.1)
112.6
(4.4)
181
(7.1)
175.7
(6.9)
1199
(47)
Rainfall mm
(in)
139.1
(5.5)
113.8
(4.5)
111.8
(4.4)
83.5
(3.3)
67.9
(2.7)
54.8
(2.2)
39.6
(1.6)
39.1
(1.5)
53.5
(2.1)
112.5
(4.4)
178.5
(7.0)
160.6
(6.3)
1154.7
(45.5)
Snowfall cm
(in)
16.6
(6.5)
9.6
(3.8)
2.6
(1)
0.4
(0.2)
0 0 0 0 0 0.1
(0)
2.5
(1)
16.3
(6.4)
48.2
(19)
Sunshine hours 60 85 134 182 231 229 295 268 199 125 64 56 1928
Data recorded at Vancouver International Airport by Environment Canada. Data spans 1971 to 2000.

References[change | change source]

Other websites[change | change source]

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