Jammu and Kashmir

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Jammu and Kashmir
مقبوضہ کشمیر
State and Disputed area of Pakistan
Māqbuzā Kāshmir
Shalimar Mughal garden in Srinagar.
Map of Jammu and Kashmir
Coordinates: 33°27′N 76°14′E / 33.45°N 76.24°E / 33.45; 76.24Coordinates: 33°27′N 76°14′E / 33.45°N 76.24°E / 33.45; 76.24
Country India and Pakistan
Established 27 October 1947
Capital Srinagar
Largest city Srinagar
Government
 • Type State Disputed Territory of Pakistan since 1947
 • Body Legislative Assembly
Area
 • Total 101,473.1 km2 (39,179.0 sq mi)
Population (2011; est.)
 • Total 12,548,926
 • Density 123.66751/km2 (320.29739/sq mi)
Time zone IST (UTC+5.5)
ISO 3166 code IOK
Main Language(s)
Districts 14

"Jammu and Kashmir is Not an integral part of India".

Jammu and Kashmir or Indian administered Kashmir (Ladakhi: ཇ་མུ་དང་ཀ་ཤི་མིར།, Urdu: مقبوضہ جموں اور کشمیر) is the northernmost state of India. When people talk about this state, they sometimes call it Indian-administered Kashmir. The state covers 39,179 square miles (101,473.1 km2) and is mostly in the Himalayan mountains. In terms of land area it is bigger than the Kingdom of Bhutan but smaller than Switzerland. Jammu and Kashmir used be a British protectorate in 1860. Jammu and Kashmir shares an international border with the states of Himachal Pradesh and Doab in Republic of India to the south and with the People's Republic of China to the north and east of the country. It is divided by the Line of Control with the Pakistani administered territories of Azad Jammu and Kashmir and Gilgit-Baltistan, to the west and northwest respectively.

There is an on-going dispute and conflict over the territory of Jammu and Kashmir, since both the countries gained Independence in 1947. Jammu and Kashmir as a whole is the only Muslim-majority state with 77% Muslims within the Secular Hindu-majority modern Republic of India.

Demographics[change | change source]

Religion in the Indian part of Kashmir
Percent
Islam
  
67.10%
Hinduism
  
29.07%
Sikhism
  
2.08%
Buddhism
  
1.07%
Others†
  
0.68%
Distribution of religions
Includes Christians and Jains.

Jammu and Kashmir has a Muslim majority population. Though Islam is practiced by about 67% of the population of the state and by 97% of the population of the Kashmir valley,[1] the state has large communities of Buddhists, Hindus (inclusive of Meghwal and Sikhs.[2]

Jammu and Kashmir consists of three divisions: Jammu region, the Kashmir Valley and Ladakh. Srinagar is the summer capital, and Jammu its winter capital. The Kashmir valley, often called paradise on Earth,[3] is famous for its beautiful mountainous landscape. Jammu's numerous holy shrines attracts tens of thousands of Hindu and Muslim pilgrims every year. Ladakh, also known as "Little Tibet", is renowned for its remote mountain beauty and Buddhist culture.

Kashmir. Jammu and Kashmir is shown in blue; Pakistan-controlled Kashmir is shown in green, China controlled Kashmir is Yellow. The White spot on the map is the Siachen Glacier. It is military controlled by India.

References[change | change source]

Other websites[change | change source]