|Nickname(s): Land of Martyrs and Warriors|
|• District Nazim||Chaudhry Farrukh Altaf|
|• District Naib Nazim||Intsar Ahmad Khan|
|• Total||3,587 km2 (1,385 sq mi)|
|• Density||261/km2 (680/sq mi)|
|Time zone||PST (UTC+5)|
Jhelum District (Urdu: ضلع جہلم) is in the Punjab province of Pakistan. According the 1998 census, the district had 936,957 people, of which 31.48% were urban. Jhelum is known for providing a large number of soldiers to the British and later to the Pakistan armed forces due to which it is also known as city of soldiers or land of martyrs and warriors. The district of Jhelum stretches from the Jhelum River almost to the Indus. Salt is quarried at the Mayo mine in the Salt Range. There are two coal-mines, the only ones worked in the province, from which the North-Western railway obtains part of its supply of coal. The chief centre of the salt trade is Pind Dadan Khan. The district is crossed by the main line of the North-Western railway, and also traversed along the south by a branch line. It is in the north of the Punjab province, Jhelum district is bordered by Sargodha to its south, Gujrat and the Jhelum River to its south and east, Chakwal to its west, Mirpur to its east, and Rawalpindi to its north.
Administration[change | edit source]
The district of Jhelum, which covers an area of 3,587 km2, is administratively divided into four tehsils: Jhelum, Sohawa, Pind Dadan Khan and Dina, - which are divided into 53 Union Councils. It also contains the city of Jhelum.
Demographics[change | edit source]
According to the 1998 census of Pakistan, 936,957 people lived in Jhelum District. There were 261 people per square kilometre. According the Punjab Education Department's annual literacy statistics for 2006, Jhelum had a literacy rate of 79% which is among the highest in Pakistan. Human Development Index of Jhelum is 0.770, which highest in Pakistan after Karachi.
Language[change | edit source]
Climate[change | edit source]
The climate of the tract is extreme. In winter it is very cold and summer is very hot. The average rainfall varies from 48 to 69 mm each year.
|Climate data for Jhelum, Pakistan|
|Average high °C (°F)||20
|Average low °C (°F)||5
|Precipitation mm (inches)||34
Colleges and schools[change | edit source]
- Army Public School and College
- FG Intermediat College
- Fauji Foundation Model School & College
- Govt. Degree College
- Govt. College. G.T. Road
- Govt. College for Women
- Govt. College of Commerce
- Research Girls College Kala Gujran
- Jinnah Law College
- M.A. Jinnah College of Commerce & Computer Science
- Presentation Convent School
- Jhelum Homeopathic Medical College
- SLS College
Landmarks[change | edit source]
Notable people[change | edit source]
||This section does not have any sources. (February 2012)|
- Muhammad Akram, Nishan-e-Haider, of Nakka Kalan, Tehsil & District Jhelum.
- Asif Nawaz (Late), (former Chief of Army Staff, Pakistan.
- Ghazanfar Ali Khan, (Leader In Pakistan Movement)
- Ch. Altaf Hussain (Late), former Governor of Punjab, Pakistan, Ex-MNA and President Lahore High Court Bar Association
References[change | edit source]
- Punjab Population (1988 Census) - Urban Resource Centre
- BBC NEWS - City of Soldiers
- Jhelum District Overview - Punjab Police
- Administrative Units of Pakistan
- Tehsils & Unions in the District of Jhelum -Government of Pakistan
- 1998 Census of Pakistan
- Punjab Education Department's annual literacy statistics for 2006 Daily Times
- Literacy rate figures still not updated - Daily Times
- "Weatherbase: Historical Weather for Jhelum, Pakistan". Weatherbase. 2008. http://www.weatherbase.com/weather/weather.php3?s=415980&refer=&units=metric.