Jhelum District

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Jhelum
District
Nickname(s): Land of Martyrs and Warriors
Coordinates: 32°56′0″N 73°43′14″E / 32.933333°N 73.72056°E / 32.933333; 73.72056Coordinates: 32°56′0″N 73°43′14″E / 32.933333°N 73.72056°E / 32.933333; 73.72056
Country  Pakistan
Province Punjab
Capital Jhelum city
Government
 • District Nazim Chaudhry Farrukh Altaf
 • District Naib Nazim Intsar Ahmad Khan
Area
 • Total 3,587 km2 (1,385 sq mi)
Population (2006)
 • Total 1,103,000
 • Density 261/km2 (680/sq mi)
Time zone PST (UTC+5)

Jhelum District (Urdu: ضلع جہلم) is in the Punjab province of Pakistan. According the 1998 census, the district had 936,957 people, of which 31.48% were urban.[1] Jhelum is known for providing a large number of soldiers to the British and later to the Pakistan armed forces due to which it is also known as city of soldiers or land of martyrs and warriors.[2] The district of Jhelum stretches from the Jhelum River almost to the Indus. Salt is quarried at the Mayo mine in the Salt Range. There are two coal-mines, the only ones worked in the province, from which the North-Western railway obtains part of its supply of coal. The chief centre of the salt trade is Pind Dadan Khan. The district is crossed by the main line of the North-Western railway, and also traversed along the south by a branch line. It is in the north of the Punjab province, Jhelum district is bordered by Sargodha to its south, Gujrat and the Jhelum River to its south and east, Chakwal to its west, Mirpur to its east, and Rawalpindi to its north.

Administration[change | edit source]

Location of jhelum

The district of Jhelum, which covers an area of 3,587 km2,[3] is administratively divided into four tehsils: Jhelum, Sohawa, Pind Dadan Khan and Dina,[4] - which are divided into 53 Union Councils.[5] It also contains the city of Jhelum.

Demographics[change | edit source]

According to the 1998 census of Pakistan, 936,957 people lived in Jhelum District. There were 261 people per square kilometre.[6] According the Punjab Education Department's annual literacy statistics for 2006, Jhelum had a literacy rate of 79% which is among the highest in Pakistan.[7][8][9] Human Development Index of Jhelum is 0.770, which highest in Pakistan after Karachi.

Language[change | edit source]

Tilla Jogian, the highest peak in Jhelum District

People of Jhelum District speak Punjabi. The written language is Urdu. Many also speak Mirpuri Punjabi or Pothohari.

Climate[change | edit source]

The climate of the tract is extreme. In winter it is very cold and summer is very hot. The average rainfall varies from 48 to 69 mm each year.

Climate data for Jhelum, Pakistan
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 20
(68)
22
(72)
27
(81)
33
(91)
38
(100)
40
(104)
36
(97)
34
(93)
35
(95)
33
(91)
28
(82)
21
(70)
31
(87)
Average low °C (°F) 5
(41)
8
(46)
12
(54)
18
(64)
22
(72)
26
(79)
26
(79)
25
(77)
23
(73)
17
(63)
10
(50)
6
(43)
16
(62)
Precipitation mm (inches) 34
(1.3)
50
(2)
60
(2.4)
36
(1.4)
32
(1.3)
52
(2)
237
(9.3)
221
(8.7)
78
(3.1)
12
(0.5)
10
(0.4)
30
(1.2)
85.2
(32.2)
Source: Weatherbase[10]

Colleges and schools[change | edit source]

  • Army Public School and College
  • FG Intermediat College
  • Fauji Foundation Model School & College
  • Govt. Degree College
  • Govt. College. G.T. Road
  • Govt. College for Women
  • Govt. College of Commerce
  • Research Girls College Kala Gujran
  • Jinnah Law College
  • M.A. Jinnah College of Commerce & Computer Science
  • PICS
  • Presentation Convent School
  • Jhelum Homeopathic Medical College
  • SLS College

Landmarks[change | edit source]

Notable people[change | edit source]

References[change | edit source]

Other websites[change | edit source]