Johannis de Rijke

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Johannis de Rijke, statue in Aisai, Aichi

Johannis de Rijke (5 December 5 1842-10 January 1913) was a Dutch civil engineer. He was a foreign advisor to the Japanese government in the Meiji period.[1]

Early life[change | edit source]

Rijke was born in Noord-Beveland in the Netherlands.[2]

Career[change | edit source]

In 1865, Rijke worked the chief construction foreman for water projects near Amsterdam.[3]

Japan[change | edit source]

Rijke was a government advisor in Japan from 1873 to 1903. He worked on flood control and water management projects. He led projects which improved the ports of Japan, including Tokyo, Yokohama, Nagasaki, Hiroshima (Ujina) and Fukuoka (Hakata).[3]

After 1891, Rijke was an official of the Home Ministry. He became Vice Minister. It was uncommon for a foreigner to be promoted to such high rank in a Japanese government bureaucracy.[4]

China[change | edit source]

In 1876, Rijke worked on Yangtze River projects.[5]

In 1901, worked on the Yellow River flood control project.[1]

Honors[change | edit source]

  • Order of the Sacred Treasure, 1903[3]
  • Order of Orange-Nassau, 1911.[2]
  • Order of the Dutch Lion, 1913.[6]
  • Order of Leopold.[2]

Related pages[change | edit source]

References[change | edit source]

  1. 1.0 1.1 Nussbaum, Louis-Frédéric. (2005). "De Rijke, Johannes" in Japan Encyclopedia, p. 152.
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 (Dutch) Rijsbergen, Dennis. "Johannis de Rijke, ridder van de rijzende zon," Beroemde Zeeuwen. 27 August 2009; retrieved 2013-4-5.
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 Chubu Regional Construction Bureau, "The Father of the Riparian Work on the Kiso-Sansen: Johannis de Rijke"; retrieved 2013-4-5.
  4. Embassy of the Kingdom of the Netherlands in Tokyo, "Dutch-Japanese relations, Dutch Civil Engineers in the Meiji Period"; retrieved 2013-4-5.
  5. Yellow River Conservancy Commission, "Speech by Willem-Alexander, Prince of Orange," 2005; archived; retrieved 2013-4-5.
  6. (Dutch) Noord-Beveland, "Standbeelden Johannis de Rijke, Colijnsplaat"; retrieved 2013-4-5.

Other wesbsites[change | edit source]

Media related to Johannes de Rijke at Wikimedia Commons