Jorge Rafael Videla
|Jorge Rafael Videla|
|President of Argentina
29 March 1976 – 29 March 1981
|Preceded by||Isabel Perón|
|Succeeded by||Roberto Viola|
|Born||Jorge Rafael Videla
2 August 1925
Mercedes, Buenos Aires, Argentina
|Died||17 May 2013
Buenos Aires, Argentina
|Spouse(s)||Alicia Raquel Hartridge (m. 1948–2013)|
|Alma mater||Colegio Militar de la Nación|
|Years of service||1944–1981|
He came to power in a coup d'état that deposed Isabel Martínez de Perón. After the return of a representative democratic government in 1983, he was prosecuted for large-scale human rights abuses and crimes against humanity that took place under his rule, including kidnappings or forced disappearance, widespread torture and extrajudicial murder of activists, political opponents (either real, suspected or alleged) as well as their families, at secret concentration camps and the theft of many babies born during the captivity of their mothers at the illegal detention centers.
He was under house arrest until 10 October 2008, when he was sent to a military prison. On 22 December 2010, Videla was sentenced to life in a civilian prison for the deaths of 31 prisoners following his coup d'état. On 5 July 2012, Videla was sentenced to 50 years in prison for the systematic kidnapping of children during his tenure.
Videla was born on 2 August 1925 in Mercedes, Buenos Aires, Argentina. He studied at the National Military College (Colegio Militar de la Nación). Videla was married to Alicia Raquel Hartridge from 1948 until his death 2013. They had seven children. Videla died on 17 May 2013 in Marcos Paz Prison in Buenos Aires from natural causes, aged 87.
References[change | edit source]
- "Argentina ex-military leader Jorge Rafael Videla dies". BBC News. 17 May 2013. http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-latin-america-22570888. Retrieved 17 May 2013.
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