Kim Jong-il

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Kim Jong-il
김정일
金正日
Kim Jong-il on 24 August 2011
Eternal General Secretary of the Workers' Party of Korea (Appellation)
Incumbent
Assumed office
11 April 2012
Supreme Leader of North Korea
In office
8 July 1994 – 17 December 2011[1]
Premier Hong Song-nam
Pak Pong-ju
Kim Yong-il
Choe Yong-rim
Preceded by Kim Il-sung (as President)
Succeeded by Kim Jong-un
General Secretary of the Workers' Party of Korea
In office
8 October 1997 – 17 December 2011
Deputy Kim Yong-nam
Choe Yong-rim
Jo Myong-rok
Ri Yong-ho
Preceded by Kim Il-sung
Succeeded by Position abolished
(Proclaimed Eternal Party General Secretary after his death)
Chairman of the National Defence Commission of North Korea
In office
9 April 1993 – 17 December 2011
Deputy Jo Myong-rok
Preceded by Kim Il-sung
Succeeded by Position abolished as Kim Jong-il was declared as the Eternal Chairman on 13 April 2012
Supreme Commander of the Korean People's Army
In office
24 December 1991 – 17 December 2011
Preceded by Kim Il-sung
Succeeded by Kim Jong-un[2]
Chairman of the Central Military Commission of the Workers' Party
In office
8 October 1997 – 17 December 2011
Deputy Kim Jong-un
Ri Yong-ho
Preceded by Kim Il-sung
Succeeded by Kim Jong-un
First Vice Chairman of the National Defence Commission of North Korea
In office
24 May 1990 – 9 April 1993
Leader Kim Il-sung
Preceded by Position created
Succeeded by O Chin-u
Personal details
Born 16 February 1941(1941-02-16)
Vyatskoye, Russian SFSR, Soviet Union (Soviet records)
16 February 1942(1942-02-16)
Baekdu Mountain, Japanese Korea (North Korean biography)[a]
Died 17 December 2011(2011-12-17) (aged 70)
Pyongyang,[3] Democratic People's Republic of Korea
Resting place Kumsusan Palace of the Sun, Pyongyang, Democratic People's Republic of Korea
Political party Workers' Party of Korea
Spouse(s) Kim Young-sook (1974–2011)
Domestic partner Song Hye-rim (1968–2002)
Ko Young-hee (1977–2004)
Kim Ok (2004–2011)
Children Kim Sul-song
Kim Jong-nam
Kim Jong-chul
Kim Jong-un
Kim Yo-jong
Alma mater Mangyongdae Revolutionary School
Kim Il-sung University
Signature
Military service
Allegiance  North Korea
Service/branch Korean People's Army
Years of service 1991–2011
Rank Taewonsu (대원수, roughly translated as Grand Marshal or Generalissimo)
Commands Supreme Commander
In this Korean name, the family name is Kim.

Kim Jong-il, birth name Yuri Irsenovich Kim (according to Soviet records)[4][5][6][7] (Hangul: 김정일; Hanja: 金正日, 16 February 1941 – 17 December 2011) was the Supreme Leader of Democratic People's Republic of Korea (North Korea) from the time of his father's death in 1994 until his own death in 2011. He was the son of Kim Il-Sŏng. Official North Korean propaganda said that Jong-il was born on Mount Paektu (a holy mountain in Korea); but most historians think that he was born near Chabarowsk in the Soviet Union. Inside North Korea, it was the law that no one could try to replace Jong-il as leader of the country. He was sometimes referred to as the "Dear Leader", but this was not an official title. His official title was "Chairman of the National Defense Commission of North Korea", "Supreme Commander of the Korean People's Army" and "General Secretary of the Workers' Party of Korea". Many people in North Korea were imprisoned or killed for speaking out against the Kim regime. Almost everyone in North Korea wore a small pin with a picture of Kim Jŏng-Il or Kim Il-Sŏng on it.

The North Korean government told people of his death through the state media on 19 December 2011. It was said that he had died two days earlier of "physical and mental over-work".[8][9]

Kim Jong-il
Chosŏn'gŭl 김정일
Hancha
McCune–Reischauer Kim Chŏngil
Revised Romanization Gim Jeong(-)il

Early life[change | edit source]

Jong-il was born Yuri Irsenovich Kim on 16 February 1941.

Personal life[change | edit source]

Jong-il was a Stalinist. He believed in the North Korean Communist philosophy of Juche (self-reliance). He was afraid to travel on aeroplanes and traveled only on trains. He was well known for his love of movies and luxury goods, especially caviar and Hennessey brand cognac, even though North Korea was one of the poorest countries in the world. Former United States Secretary of State Madeleine Albright once gave Jong-il a present of a basketball signed by Michael Jordan when he visited North Korea because Jong-il was a fan of the National Basketball Association and of Michael Jordan.

Death[change | edit source]

On the morning of 17 December 2011, at the age of 69 or 70, Jong-il died of a heart attack while traveling. His funeral was held on 28 December, and as a result, Kim Jong-un was then elected as the new leader of North Korea. On 13 April 2012, Kim Jong-il was made Eternal Chairman of the National Defence Commission and Eternal General Secretary of the Workers Party of Korea.

References[change | edit source]

  1. "North Korea backs son after Kim Jong-Il death". Agence France-Presse. http://www.google.com/hostednews/afp/article/ALeqM5ggTRbHnVT9qA8_cbG0p5dkbChBvA?docId=CNG.f422d650d5b8ced9ed3fbdc8e3558b87.e1. Retrieved 15 November 2013.
  2. "North Korea: Kim Jong-un hailed 'Supreme Commander'". BBC News. 24 December 2011. http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-asia-16325390. Retrieved 15 November 2013.
  3. https://www.google.com/search?q=Kim+jong+il+death+place&rlz=1C1GPCK_enUS430US430&aq=f&oq=Kim+jong+il+death+place&aqs=chrome.0.57j0.10861j0&sourceid=chrome&ie=UTF-8#hl=en&rlz=1C1GPCK_enUS430US430&sclient=psy-ab&q=where+did+kim+jong+il+die&oq=where+did+kim+jong+il+die&gs_l=serp.3..0.2421.7799.0.8165.25.25.0.0.0.0.158.1586.24j1.25.0.eappsweb..0.0...1.1.7.psy-ab.bhxBZQmF74E&pbx=1&bav=on.2,or.r_cp.r_qf.&bvm=bv.44442042,d.dmQ&fp=bde57172f101b68e&biw=1024&bih=653
  4. Chung, Byoung-sun (22 August 2002), "Sergeyevna Remembers Kim Jong Il", The Chosun Ilbo, http://nk.chosun.com/english/news/news.html?ACT=detail&res_id=7283, retrieved 19 February 2007
  5. Sheets, Lawrence (12 February 2004), "A Visit to Kim Jong Il's Russian Birthplace", National Public Radio, http://www.npr.org/templates/story/story.php?storyId=1671983, retrieved 19 February 2007
  6. "CNN.com". CNN. http://transcripts.cnn.com/TRANSCRIPTS/0607/05/i_ins.01.html.
  7. http://www.life.com/gallery/26532/image/51407067/north-korea-secrets-and-lies#index/7
  8. "N Korean leader Kim Jong-il dies". BBC News. 19 December 2011. http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-asia-16239693. Retrieved 19 December 2011.
  9. "North Korean Leader Kim Jong Il, 69, Has Died". Salon. 19 December 2011. http://www.salon.com/2011/12/19/north_korean_leader_kim_jong_il_69_has_died/. Retrieved 19 December 2011.

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