Kim Il-Sung

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Kim Il-sung
김일성
Official portrait (posthumous, issued 1994)
Eternal President of the Republic (Appellation)
Incumbent
Assumed office
8 July 1994
Supreme Leader of North Korea
In office
9 September 1948 – 8 July 1994
Succeeded by Kim Jong-il
President of North Korea
In office
28 December 1972 – 8 July 1994
Preceded by Position created
Choi Yong-kun, Head of State as President of the Presidium of the Supreme People's Assembly
Succeeded by Position abolished
(Proclaimed Eternal President of the Republic after his death)
Prime Minister of North Korea
In office
9 September 1948 – 28 December 1972
Preceded by Position created
Succeeded by Kim Il (Premier)
General Secretary of the Central Committee of the Workers' Party of Korea
In office
11 October 1966 – 8 July 1994
Preceded by Himself as Chairman
Succeeded by Kim Jong-il
Chairman of the Central Committee of the Workers Party of Korea
In office
30 June 1949 – 11 October 1966
Preceded by Kim Tu-bong
Succeeded by Himself as General Secretary
Vice-Chairman of the Central Committee of the Workers’ Party of North Korea
In office
28 August 1946 – 30 June 1949
Chairman Kim Tu-bong
Preceded by Position created
Succeeded by Position abolished
Chairman of the North Korea Bureau of the Communist Party of Korea
In office
17 December 1945 – 28 August 1946
General Secretary Pak Hon-yong
Preceded by Kim Yong-bom
Succeeded by Position abolished
Personal details
Born Kim Sŏng-ju
15 April 1912(1912-04-15)
Mangyŏngdae, Heian-nandō, Japanese Korea
Died 8 July 1994(1994-07-08) (aged 82)
Pyongyang, Democratic People's Republic of Korea
Resting place Kumsusan Palace of the Sun, Pyongyang, Democratic People's Republic of Korea
Nationality North Korean
Political party Workers’ Party of Korea
Spouse(s) Kim Jong-suk (d. 1949)
Kim Song-ae
Children Kim Jong-il
Kim Man-il
Kim Kyong-hui
Kim Kyong-jin
Kim Pyong-il
Kim Yong-il
Residence Pyongyang, Democratic People's Republic of Korea
Occupation Eternal President of the Republic
Profession President of North Korea
Religion None (Atheist) (formerly Presbyterian)
Signature
Military service
Allegiance  Soviet Union
North Korea Democratic People's Republic of Korea
Service/branch Soviet Armed Forces
Korean People's Army
Years of service 1941–1945
1948–1994
Rank Dae wonsu (Grand Marshal)
Commands All (supreme commander)
Battles/wars World War II
Korean War
In this Korean name, the family name is Kim.

Kim Il-Sung (Hangul: 김일성; Hanja: 金日成, Kim Il Sŏng; April 15, 1912 - July 8, 1994) was the first leader of North Korea from 1948 until his death in 1994. He had full control of the country. He died of a heart attack on July 8, 1994. North Koreans still call him 'Eternal Leader'.

Kim Il-Sung creaded the Juche political idea. He ran North Korea differently than the Soviet Union and China.

When he died, his son Kim Jŏng-Il (1941-2011) became the leader of North Korea. He had that job until he died on December 17, 2011. His grandson, Kim Jong-un (born 1983) is the leader of North Korea.

Kim Il-Sung's name means "become the sun".[1]

There are more than 300 statues of Kim Il-sung in North Korea. [2]

Resistance to Japan[change | edit source]

During the Japanese occupation of Korea, Kim Il-Sŏng was involved with numerous opposition guerrilla groups.

References[change | edit source]

  1. Bradley K. Martin (2004). Under the Loving Care of the Fatherly Leader: North Korea and the Kim Dynasty. Thomas Dunne Books. ISBN 0312323220.
  2. Portal, Jane; British Museum (2005). Art under control in North Korea. Reaktion Books. p. 82. ISBN 978-1861892362.