Kingdom of the Two Sicilies

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Kingdom of the Two Sicilies departments (similar to those in 1454)

The Kingdom of the Two Sicilies was a kingdom in southern Italy from 1816 until 1861. It was created by Ferdinand I of the Two Sicilies, after the Congress of Vienna of 1814, by uniting the Kingdom of Sicily and the Kingdom of Naples, which had been ruled by Joseph Bonaparte during the reign of Napoleon.

The capital of the kingdom was Naples. Roman Catholicism was the state religion. The House of Bourbon was the ruling dynasty. The kingdom was full of corruption and poverty: mainly because of this, most of the population welcomed the Risorgimento with the unification of southern Italy to the rest of Italy in 1861.

In 1861, Sicily was captured by Giuseppe Garibaldi and his men, who were known as "red shirts". This was welcomed by the local population. Garibaldi then crossed the Strait of Messina and captured Naples. It then joined the Kingdom of Italy.

Administrative division[change | change source]

The peninsula was divided into fifteen "departments" and the island of Sicily was divided into seven departments.[1] The island itself had a special administrative status[source?], with its base at Palermo.

In 1860, when the Two Sicilies were conquered by Garibaldi, the departments later became provinces of Italy, according to the so called "Rattazzi law".

Peninsula Capital
1 Abruzzo Ultra I.png Abruzzo Ultra I Teramo
2 Abruzzo Ultra.png Abruzzo Ultra II Aquila
3 Abruzzo Citra.png Abruzzo Citra Chieti
4 Contado di Molise.png Contado di Molise Campobasso
5 Terra di Lavoro.png Terra di Lavoro Capua,
from 1818 Caserta
6 Province of Naples (1806-1860).png Province of Naples Naples
7 Principato Ultra.png Principato Ultra Avellino(*)
8 Principato Citra.png Principato Citra Salerno
9 Province of Capitanata.png Capitanata originally San Severo, then Foggia
10 Terra di Bari.png Terra di Bari Bari
11 Terra di Otranto.png Terra d'Otranto Lecce
12 Province of Basilicata.png Basilicata Potenza
13 Calabria Citra.png Calabria Citra Cosenza
14 Calabria Ultra.png Calabria Ultra II Catanzaro
15 Coats of arms of None.svg Calabria Ultra I Reggio
Insular Capital
16 Coats of arms of None.svg Caltanissetta Caltanissetta
17 Coats of arms of None.svg Catania Catania
18 Coats of arms of None.svg Girgenti Girgenti
19 Coats of arms of None.svg Messina Messina
20 Coats of arms of None.svg Noto Noto
21 Coats of arms of None.svg Palermo Palermo
22 Coats of arms of None.svg Trapani Trapani

* The city of Benevento was formally included in this department, but it was occupied by the Papal States and was de facto an exclave of that country.

Notes[change | change source]