Konstantin von Neurath

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Konstantin von Neurath
Reichsprotektor von Neurath, 1939
Reich Minister of Foreign Affairs
 Weimar Republic
 Nazi Germany
In office
1 June 1932 – 4 February 1938
President Paul von Hindenburg (1932-1934)
Adolf Hitler (1934-1938)
Chancellor Franz von Papen (1932)
Kurt von Schleicher (1932-1933)
Adolf Hitler (1933-1938)
Preceded by Heinrich Brüning
Succeeded by Joachim von Ribbentrop
Protector of Bohemia and Moravia
In office
21 March 1939 – 24 August 1943
Appointed by Adolf Hitler
Preceded by New post
Succeeded by Reinhard Heydrich (de facto from 29 September 1941)
Wilhelm Frick (de iure)
Personal details
Born 2 February 1873(1873-02-02)
Kleinglattbach
German Empire
Died 14 August 1956(1956-08-14) (aged 83)
Enzweihingen
West Germany
Political party Independent (1932-1937)
Nazi (1937-1945)

Konstantin Freiherr[1] von Neurath (2 February 1873 in Vaihingen – 14 August 1956 in Vaihingen) was a German politician, diplomat and a member of the Reichstag. He was the Foreign minister of Germany between 1932 and 1938. In those early years of Adolf Hitler's regime, Neurath played an important role in the foreign policy. He helped the Nazi dictator to get around the Treaty of Versailles. He also helped in the territorial expansion before World War II. Hitler replaced Neurath with the more compliant and fervent Nazi Joachim von Ribbentrop.

Neurath served as Reichsprotektor of Bohemia and Moravia between 1939 and 1943. When he started to work for SS-Obergruppenführer Reinhard Heydrich his authority became nominal. He was one of the 24 accused at the Nuremberg Trials. He was sentenced to 15 years in Spandau Prison. He was freed in 1954.

References[change | change source]

  1. About personal names: Freiherr is a title, usually translated as Baron. It is not a first or middle name. The female forms are Freifrau and Freiin.