Kurdish language

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Kurdish
كوردی, Kurdî, Kurdí, Кöрди[1]
Native to Turkey, Iran, Iraq, Syria, Armenia, Azerbaijan
Ethnicity 25–30 million Kurds
Native speakers 21 million  (2007)[2]
Language family
Indo-European
Writing system Perso-Arabic (Sorani alphabet) in Iraq and Iran, Latin (Hawar alphabet) in Turkey, Syria and Armenia
Official status
Official language in  Iraq: status as official language alongside Arabic.
 Iran: constitutional status as a regional language
 Armenia: minority language[3]
Language codes
ISO 639-1 ku
ISO 639-2 kur
ISO 639-3 kurinclusive code
Individual codes:
ckb – Sorani
kmr – Kurmanji
sdh – Southern Kurdish
lki – Laki
Linguasphere 58-AAA-a (North Kurdish incl. Kurmanji & Kurmanjiki) + 58-AAA-b (Central Kurdish incl. Dimli/Zaza & Gurani) + 58-AAA-c (South Kurdish incl. Kurdi)
Kurdish Language Map.PNG
Map of Kurdish speaking areas of middle-East

The Kurdish language is a language mostly spoken in a region called Kurdistan, including Kurdish populations in parts of Iran, Iraq, Syria and Turkey.[4]

It belongs to the same language group as the Iranian languages. Another well-known Iranian language is Persian. It is considered an Indo-European language.

References[change | edit source]