Cobain (right) performing with Nirvana at the 1992 MTV Video Music Awards
|Birth name||Kurt Donald Cobain|
|Also known as||Kurdt Kobain|
|Born||February 20, 1967
Aberdeen, Washington, U.S.
|Died||April 5, 1994
Seattle, Washington, U.S.
|Genres||Alternative rock, grunge|
|Occupations||Musician, songwriter, artist|
|Labels||Sub Pop, DGC/Geffen|
|Associated acts||Nirvana, Fecal Matter|
Kurt Donald Cobain (February 20, 1967 - c. April 5, 1994) was an American musician. He was the lead singer and guitarist of the grunge band Nirvana, which also included bassist Krist Novoselic and drummer Dave Grohl. He was born in the city of Aberdeen, Washington.
Cobain was very influential in creating what came to be known as grunge music. Grunge musicians pushed back against music they saw commercial and shallow. Grunge was a reaction against 1980s stadium rock and metal bands that were more concerned with appearance than sound. Nirvana's best known song is "Smells Like Teen Spirit", which was often referred to by the media as an anthem for Generation X and grunge itself.
Cobain was diagnosed with attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder and bipolar disorder. He started using drugs when he was a teenager. He often used cocaine and heroin. Later in his career, he was admitted to special drug treatment hospitals several times. The last time, he escaped to his home. Cobain committed suicide by shooting himself with a gun and taking an overdose of heroin in 1994. There are conspiracy theorists who believe that Courtney Love, his wife at the time of his death, murdered him. He is a member of the '27 club' of popular musicians who have died at the age of 27, often from drug abuse.
Cobain also had chronic bronchitis. He used drugs to self-treat his undiagnosed stomach condition.
In 2002, some of Cobain's private journal entries were published in a book called Journals.
Early life[change | edit source]
Cobain's parents divorced when he was seven years old. During his second year in high school, Cobain began living with his mother in Aberdeen. In late 1986 Cobain moved into an apartment. At this time he often travelled to Olympia to go to rock concerts.
Nirvana[change | edit source]
Kurt Cobain started Nirvana with fellow friend Krist Novecselic in 1987. They practiced hours a day with many different drummers until Scream drummer Dave Grohl joined in 1990. Nirvana's first album, Bleach, was released in 1989. After the 1991 release of their hit album Nevermind, Nirvana became mainstream. Often Cobain expressed frustration with his fame. They went on to release one more album, In Utero, which was produced by Steve Albini. Cobain said that this album was the one he was looking for, the sound he had in his head for their last two albums. The band broke up after Cobain's suicide in 1994.
References[change | edit source]
- "The Kurt Cobain Equipment F.A.Q.". kurtsequipment.com.
- "Kurt Cobain Memorial Committee". http://www.kurtcobainmemorial.org/. Retrieved 2009-10-11.
- Even in his youth
- Wiederhorn, Jon (October 21, 2002). "Pages From Kurt Cobain's 'Journals' Published - Music, Celebrity, Artist News | MTV". mtv.com. http://www.mtv.com/news/articles/1458248/cobain-journals-excerpts-published.jhtml. Retrieved June 3, 2011.
- Cross 2001, p. 20
Other websites[change | edit source]
|Wikiquote has a collection of quotations related to: Kurt Cobain|