|Primary inflows||Selenge, Barguzin, Upper Angara|
|Catchment area||560,000 km2 (216,000 sq mi)|
|Basin countries||Russia and Mongolia|
|Max. length||636 km (395 mi)|
|Max. width||79 km (49 mi)|
|Surface area||31,722 km2 (12,248 sq mi)|
|Average depth||744.4 m (2,442 ft)|
|Max. depth||1,642 m (5,387 ft)|
|Water volume||23,615.39 km3 (5,700 cu mi)|
|Residence time||330 years|
|Shore length1||2,100 km (1,300 mi)|
|Surface elevation||455.5 m (1,494 ft)|
|1 Shore length is not a well-defined measure.|
Lake Baikal is a big lake in Siberia. Siberia is part of Russia. Lake Baikal is the biggest fresh water reservoir in the world. The lake is near Irkutsk. It is about Template:Convet long. It is 20 to 80 kilometres (12 to 50 mi) wide. At its deepest point, it is 1,700 metres (5,600 ft) deep. With this depth it is the deepest lake on Earth. The lake is a UNESCO World Heritage Site.
Wildlife[change | change source]
The omul fish (Coregonus autumnalis migratorius) is local to Lake Baikal. It is fished, smoked, and sold on all markets around the lake. For many travellers on the Trans-Siberian railway, purchasing smoked omul is one of the highlights of the long journey.
Ecosystem[change | change source]
Related pages[change | change source]
- List of World Heritage Sites in Russia
- Marina Rikhvanova, an ecologist who works to protect Lake Baikal
References[change | change source]
- "A new bathymetric map of Lake Baikal. MORPHOMETRIC DATA. INTAS Project 99-1669.Ghent University, Ghent, Belgium; Consolidated Research Group on Marine Geosciences (CRG-MG), University of Barcelona, Spain; Limnological Institute of the Siberian Division of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Irkutsk, Russian Federation; State Science Research Navigation-Hydrographic Institute of the Ministry of Defense, St.Petersburg, Russian Federation". Ghent University, Ghent, Belgium. http://users.ugent.be/~mdbatist/intas/morphometry.htm. Retrieved 9 July 2009.
- M.A. Grachev. "On the present state of the ecological system of lake Baikal". Lymnological Institute, Siberian Division of the Russian Academy of Sciences. http://lin.irk.ru/grachev/eng/introduction.htm. Retrieved 9 July 2009.
- "About Lake Baikal=--- details from the Encyclopedia". irkutsk.org. http://www.irkutsk.org/baikal/encicl.htm. Retrieved 5 August 2010.
- "Lake Baikal - UNESCO World Heritage Centre". whc.unesco.org. http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/754. Retrieved 5 August 2010.
- "WWW Irkutsk: Animals and fishes of Lake Baikal". irkutsk.org. http://www.irkutsk.org/baikal/animals.htm. Retrieved 5 August 2010.
- World Network of Biosphere Reserves (WNBR), "Baikalskyi"; retrieved 2012-7-18.
- WNBR, "Barguzinskyi"; retrieved 2012-7-18.
Other websites[change | change source]