Lake Baikal

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Lake Baikal

Lake Baikal is a big lake in Siberia. Siberia is part of Russia. Lake Baikal is the biggest fresh water reservoir in the world. The lake is near Irkutsk. It is about 636 km long, between 20 km and 80 km wide, and at its deepest point it is 1,700 meter deep. With this depth it is the deepest lake on Earth.[1][2] The lake is a UNESCO World Heritage Site.

The lake has fish that exist only here and nowhere else in the world. One such fish is called Omul. It is a kind of trout.

Wildlife[change | edit source]

Omul Fish on Listyanka market

Lake Baikal hosts over 1000 species of plants[3] and 1550 species and varieties of animals. Over 60% of animals are endemic; that means of 52 species of fish 27 are endemic.

The omul fish (Coregonus autumnalis migratorius) is local to Lake Baikal. It is fished, smoked, and sold on all markets around the lake. For many travellers on the Trans-Siberian railway, purchasing smoked omul is one of the highlights of the long journey.

Baikal also hosts a species of seals, Baikal seal or nerpa.

Bears and deer can be watched and hunted by Baikal coasts.

Ecosystem[change | edit source]

In 1986, Baikalskyi[4] and Barguzinskyi[5] became Biosphere Reserves. The ecosystems are recognized as part of UNESCO's Man and the Biosphere (MAB) Programme.

Related pages[change | edit source]

References[change | edit source]

  1. "About Lake Baikal=--- details from the Encyclopedia". irkutsk.org. http://www.irkutsk.org/baikal/encicl.htm. Retrieved 5 August 2010.
  2. "Lake Baikal - UNESCO World Heritage Centre". whc.unesco.org. http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/754. Retrieved 5 August 2010.
  3. "WWW Irkutsk: Animals and fishes of Lake Baikal". irkutsk.org. http://www.irkutsk.org/baikal/animals.htm. Retrieved 5 August 2010.
  4. World Network of Biosphere Reserves (WNBR), "Baikalskyi"; retrieved 2012-7-18.
  5. WNBR, "Barguzinskyi"; retrieved 2012-7-18.

Other websites[change | edit source]

Media related to Lake Baikal at Wikimedia Commons

This article is about a World Heritage Site