Lake Baikal

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Lake Baikal
Lake Baikal -
Lake Baikal -
Coordinates 53°30′N 108°0′E / 53.5°N 108°E / 53.5; 108Coordinates: 53°30′N 108°0′E / 53.5°N 108°E / 53.5; 108
Primary  inflows Selenge, Barguzin, Upper Angara
Primary  outflows Angara
Catchment  area 560,000 km2 (216,000 sq mi)
Basin  countries Russia and Mongolia
Max. length 636 km (395 mi)
Max. width 79 km (49 mi)
Surface area 31,722 km2 (12,248 sq mi)[1]
Average depth 744.4 m (2,442 ft)[1]
Max. depth 1,642 m (5,387 ft)[1]
Water volume 23,615.39 km3 (5,700 cu mi)[1]
Residence time 330 years[2]
Shore  length1 2,100 km (1,300 mi)
Surface  elevation 455.5 m (1,494 ft)
Frozen January–May
Islands 27 (Olkhon)
Settlements Irkutsk
1 Shore length is not a well-defined measure.

Lake Baikal is a big lake in Siberia. Siberia is part of Russia. Lake Baikal is the biggest fresh water reservoir in the world. The lake is near Irkutsk. It is about Template:Convet long. It is 20 to 80 kilometres (12 to 50 mi) wide. At its deepest point, it is 1,700 metres (5,600 ft) deep. With this depth it is the deepest lake on Earth.[3][4] The lake is a UNESCO World Heritage Site.

The lake has fish that exist only here and nowhere else in the world. One such fish is called Omul. It is a kind of trout.

Wildlife[change | change source]

Omul Fish on Listyanka market

Lake Baikal has over 1000 species of plants[5] and 1550 species and varieties of animals. Over 60% of animals are endemic; that means of 52 species of fish 27 are endemic.

The omul fish (Coregonus autumnalis migratorius) is local to Lake Baikal. It is fished, smoked, and sold on all markets around the lake. For many travellers on the Trans-Siberian railway, purchasing smoked omul is one of the highlights of the long journey.

Baikal also hosts a species of seals, Baikal seal or nerpa.

Bears and deer can be watched and hunted by Baikal coasts.

Ecosystem[change | change source]

In 1986, Baikalskyi[6] and Barguzinskyi[7] became Biosphere Reserves. The ecosystems are part of UNESCO's Man and the Biosphere (MAB) Programme.

Related pages[change | change source]

References[change | change source]

Other websites[change | change source]

Media related to Lake Baikal at Wikimedia Commons

This article is about a World Heritage Site