Vladimir Putin

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Vladimir Putin

Loudspeaker.png Vladimir Vladimirovich Putin (info • help) (Russian: Влади́мир Влади́мирович Пу́тин, Vladímir Vladímirovich Pútin) (born October 7, 1952 in Leningrad, now Saint Petersburg) is a Russian politician who is the current President of Russia. He has already been the Prime Minister of Russia from 1999 to 2000, then President of Russia from March 2000 to May 2008, and Prime Minister again from 2008 to 2012. Before all this, Putin worked for the KGB. He originally trained as a lawyer. He is a member of the Russian Orthodox Church, and is married with two daughters.

From 1985 to 1990, Putin worked for the KGB. This was the Soviet Union's secret spy service. Putin worked in Dresden, which was part of the former East Germany. After East Germany collapsed in 1989, Putin was told to come back to the Soviet Union. He chose to go to Leningrad, which is where he went to university. In June 1990, he started working in the International Affairs section of Leningrad State University. In June 1991, he was appointed head of the International Committee of the Saint Petersburg Mayor's office. His job was to promote international relations and foreign investments.

Putin gave up his position in the KGB on August 20, 1991, during the putsch against Soviet President Mikhail Gorbachev. In 1994, he became First Deputy Chairman of the city of Saint Petersburg. In August 1996, he came to Moscow, and served in a variety of important positions in Boris Yeltsin's government. He was head of the FSB (a newer version of the KGB) from July 1998 to August 1999, and he was Secretary of the Security Council from March to August 1999.

Mr. Putin is the leader of the ruling United Russia party. This party has been winning the Russian elections ever since the fall of the Soviet Union.

Critics of Putin say that he has taken away people's freedoms, and that he has failed to make the country more developed. Russia makes lots of money from selling oil and gas to other counties, but because of corruption, this money isn't used for improving living conditions.

Recently, the Russian opposition has held anti-government rallies, campaigned against Putin on the Internet, and published independent reports for general public. Because of censorship in the mass media, it's very difficult to get different information out to the public.

Putin was against invading Libya in 2011. He is also against invading Syria and Iran.

According to the Constitution of Russia, no-one can be president three times in a row.[1] Because of this, Putin didn't put himself forward for the March 2008 election. However, you're allowed to be president as many times as you want, as long as it's not for more than two times in a row. In March 2012, Putin put himself forward for the elections, and won 64% of the vote. This means he will be president of Russia until 2018.[2]

On March 24, 2014, Putin and Russia were suspended from the G8.[3][4] This was because the United States thought that the Ukraine crisis was Putin's fault.

References[change | edit source]