Mass (liturgy)

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This article is about mass as a ceremony, for other uses see: Mass (disambiguation)

A Medieval Low Mass by a bishop.

Mass is the term used to describe celebration of the Eucharist in the Western liturgical rites of the Roman Catholic Church, Old Catholic Churches, in the Anglo-Catholic tradition of Anglicanism, and in some largely High Church Lutheran regions: in Scandinavian and Baltic countries the Lutheran Eucharistic service is also known as "the Mass".

The term comes from the late-Latin word missa (dismissal), a word used in the concluding formula of Mass in Latin: "Ite, missa est" ("Go, it is the dismissal").[1]

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  1. Missa here is a Late Latin substantive corresponding to the word missio in classical Latin (The Liturgy of the Mass in Catholic Encyclopedia). "In antiquity, missa simply meant 'dismissal'. However in Christian usage it gradually took on a deeper meaning. The word 'dismissal' has come to imply a 'mission'. These few words succinctly express the missionary nature of the Church" (Pope Benedict XVI, Sacramentum caritatis, 51).

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Roman Catholic doctrine

Present form of the Roman rite of the Mass

Tridentine form of the Roman rite of the Mass

Anglican Doctrine and practice

Lutheran doctrine