Mississauga, Ontario

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Mississauga
City (lower-tier)
City of Mississauga
Clockwise from top: Skyline of Mississauga, University of Toronto Mississauga, Absolute World Condos, Downtown Skyline, Mississauga Civic Centre, Condominium Skyline.

Logo
Motto: Pride in past, Faith in our future. Be strong. Be Proud.
Location of Mississauga in the Regional Municipality of Peel in the province of Ontario
Coordinates: 43°36′N 79°39′W / 43.6°N 79.65°W / 43.6; -79.65Coordinates: 43°36′N 79°39′W / 43.6°N 79.65°W / 43.6; -79.65
Country Canada
Province Ontario
Region Peel
Established 1968, as a town
Incorporated 1974, as a city
Government
 • Mayor Hazel McCallion
 • Council Mississauga City Council
 • MPs
 • MPPs
Area
 • Total 292.40 km2 (112.90 sq mi)
Elevation 156 m (512 ft)
Population (2011)
 • Total 713,443 (6th)
 • Density 2,439.9/km2 (6,319/sq mi)
Time zone EST (UTC−5)
 • Summer (DST) EDT (UTC−4)
Postal code span L4T to L5W
Area code(s) 905 and 289
Twin cities
 • Sister city Flag of Kariya, Aichi.pngKariya, Japan
Demonym
  • Mississaugan
  • Saugan
[1]

Mississauga, Ontario is the sixth-largest city in Canada. It is near the largest city in Canada, Toronto, Ontario, Canada. In fact, it is a part of the Greater Toronto Area.

A Mississauga Transit Bus.

Visitor attractions[change | change source]

History[change | change source]

On August 2, 1805, Toronto Township was formed when officials from York (what is now the City of Toronto) purchased 84,000 acres (340 km²) of land from the Mississaugas. In January 2010, the Mississaugas and the federal government settled a land claim. The aboriginal people received $145,000,000 from that.[2]

After the land was surveyed, much of it was given in the form of land grants to United Empire Loyalists. They emigrated from the Thirteen Colonies during and after the American Revolution, as well as loyalists from New Brunswick. A group of settlers from New York City arrived in the 1830s. In 1820, the government purchased additional land from the Mississaugas. Additional settlements were established, including: Barbertown, Britannia, Burnhamthorpe, Derry West, Elmbank, Malton, Meadowvale Village, Mount Charles, and Streetsville. European-Canadian growth led to the eventual displacement of the Mississaugas. In 1847, the government relocated them to a reserve in the Grand River Valley, near present-day Hagersville.[3][4]

In 1873, the Toronto Township Council was formed to oversee the events of the various villages that were unincorporated at that time. The Council's responsibilities included road maintenance, and a police force. Most of present-day Mississauga was agricultural land: including fruit orchards, through much of the 19th and first half of the 20th century. Exceptions included small villages, some gristmills and brickworks served by railway lines, [5][6]

In the 1920s, cottages were constructed along the shores of Lake Ontario for people who lived in the city. 17 years later in 1937, 1,410.8 acres of land was sold to build the Malton Airport (later known as the Pearson Airport). It became Canada's busiest airport which also put the end to the community of Elmank.[7]

The township settlements of Lakeview, Cooksville, Lorne Park, Clarkson, Erindale, Sheridan, Dixie, Meadowvale Village, and Malton were combined in 1968 to form the Town of Mississauga. At the time, both Port Credit and Streetsville were left out and remained separate. The town name was chosen by voting. In 1974, Port Credit and Streetsville became part of Mississauga. In that same year, the Square One Shopping Centre opened.[8]

On November 10, 1979, a freight train left its tracks on the Canadian Pacific rail line while carrying explosive and poisonous chemicals just north of the intersection of Mavis Road and Dundas Street. One of the tank cars carrying propane exploded. Since other tank cars were carrying chlorine, the decision was made to evacuate nearby residents. With the possibility of a deadly cloud of chlorine gas spreading through Mississauga, 218,000 people were evacuated.[9] Residents were allowed to return home, once the area was safe. It was one of the largest evacuations in North American history.[10]

Geography[change | change source]

Overview map of Mississauga.

Mississauga covers 288.42 square kilometres (111.36 sq mi) of land, with 13 kilometres (8.1 mi) of shoreline on Lake Ontario.[11]

Statistics[change | change source]

Mississauga is a quickly growing and multicultural city. Statistics Canada estimates that Mississauga now has 704,000 people, an increase of 150,000 from the previous decade and the population has almost doubled in the past twenty years.

Law and Government[change | change source]

Mississauga has only had three mayors in its past and it was created in 1974. This is because the mayor right now, Hazel McCallion, 93, has been mayor from 1978.

Mayors
Dr. Martin L. Dobkin 1974-1976
Ron A. Searle 1976-1978
Hazel McCallion 1978-Now

Council
Mississauga is split into 11 wards (parts) each of them having their own councillor.

Ward 1 Jim Tovey
Ward 2 Patricia Mullin
Ward 3 Maja Prentice
Ward 4 Frank Dale
Ward 5 Eve Adams
Ward 6 Carolyn Parrish
Ward 7 Nando Iannica
Ward 8 Katie Mahoney
Ward 9 Pat Saito
Ward 10 Sue McFadden
Ward 11 George Carlson

Also, Mississauga is the largest city in Canada where there are more women in the council than men.

Federal and Provincial Ridings
Mississauga has six legislative (government) ridings that are the same for the Canadian government and the Ontario government. The Canadian government has people in charge of those ridings called M.P.'s (Member of Parliament) and the Ontario government has M.P.P.'s (Member of Provincial Parliament) in charge of them.

Bramalea-Gore-Malton
M.P.: Gurbax Malhi (Liberal)
M.P.P.: Kuldip Kular (Liberal)

Mississauga-Erindale
M.P.: Bob Dechert (Conservative)
M.P.P.: Harinder Takhar (Liberal)

Mississauga-Brampton South
M.P.: Navdeep Bains (Liberal)
M.P.P: Amrit Mangat (Liberal)

Mississauga East-Cooksville
M.P.: Albina Guarnieri (Liberal)
M.P.P.: )

Mississauga South
M.P.: M.P.P.: Charles Sousa (Liberal)

Mississauga-Streetsville
M.P.: Bonnie Crombie (Liberal) M.P.P.: Bob Delaney (Liberal)

References[change | change source]

  1. "Demonyms—From coast to coast to coast — Language articles — Language Portal of Canada". www.noslangues-ourlanguages.gc.ca. https://www.noslangues-ourlanguages.gc.ca/bien-well/fra-eng/vocabulaire-vocabulary/demonyms-eng.html. Retrieved 24 August 2014.
  2. "Feds offer to settle land claims". Mississauga News. 2010-01-27. http://www.mississauga.com/news-story/3149477-feds-offer-to-settle-land-claims/. Retrieved 21 November 2014.
  3. "City History". http://carlwalwyn.com/city-history. Retrieved 21 November 2014.
  4. "Part One 1819–1850". http://www.mississauga.ca/file/COM/9661_MeadowvaleBook_PartOne.pdf. Retrieved 21 November 2014.
  5. "Mississauga Real Estate". http://www5.mississauga.ca/rec&parks/websites/museums/pdfs/history_of_mississauga.pdf. Retrieved 22 November 2014.
  6. "Heritage Mississauga – History". http://www.heritagemississauga.com/page/History. Retrieved 21 November 2014.
  7. Cook, Dave (2010). Fading History Vol. 2. Mississauga, Ontario: David L. Cook. p. 158. ISBN 978-0-9734265-3-3 .
  8. "1968 – Amalgamation to form the Town of Mississauga". mississauga.ca. http://www5.mississauga.ca//library/SRC/MM1968_Amalgamation.html. Retrieved 24 August 2014.
  9. "Missisauga Train Derailment". mississauga.ca. http://www.mississauga.ca/portal/residents/derailmentgallery. Retrieved 14 September 2011.
  10. "Mississauga train derailment, November 10, 1979". http://www.carterrv.com/stead/1979/1979.htm. Retrieved 25 September 2014.
  11. "Community Profile, City of Mississauga". Statistics Canada, 2006 Census of Population. 2007-03-13. http://www12.statcan.ca/english/census06/data/profiles/community/Details/Page.cfm?Lang=E&Geo1=CSD&Code1=3521005&Geo2=PR&Code2=35&Data=Count&SearchText=Mississauga&SearchType=Begins&SearchPR=01&B1=All&Custom=. Retrieved 2014-11-21.