Oppositional defiant disorder

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Oppositional defiant disorder is a mental disorder. It is a pattern of irritable or angry behavior lasting at least 6 months and is seen during interaction with other people. Unlike those with conduct disorder, though, most people with ODD do not usually get aggressive towards other people or animals, steal or cause destruction. People with ODD, however, do argue and deliberately, often cause trouble.

Symptoms[change | change source]

In order to be diagnosed with ODD, the person must have a behavior pattern lasting at least six months.[1] At least four of these eight symptoms must be present for that time:[1]

  • Often loses his temper
  • Often argues with adults
  • Goes against adults' requests and rules
  • Deliberately annoys other people
  • Blames other people for things he has done wrong
  • Angry and resentful of other people
  • Spiteful/seeks revenge
  • Gets annoyed easily

About 10.2% of people have or have had ODD (11.2% of males and 9.2% of females). In many cases this condition worsens into conduct disorder, which often worsens into antisocial personality disorder. This is more likely in boys than girls, and more likely if the person also has attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder. ODD typically begins in childhood. It is the most common mental disorder in children. It is unusual in adults, because the affected person usually either recovers or develops ASPD.

ODD is more common in family members of people who have ODD, CD or ASPD. It is more common in poor urban areas.

Most people who have ODD also have other mental disorders, most often ADHD. Many children who have ODD have problems with alcohol and drugs in their adolescence and adulthood.

References[change | change source]

  1. 1.0 1.1 Mayo Clinic Staff (6 January 2012). "Oppositional defiant disorder (ODD)". Mayo Foundation for Medical Education and Research. http://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/oppositional-defiant-disorder/basics/tests-diagnosis/con-20024559. Retrieved 11 June 2014.