Orbetello

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Orbetello
Comune
Comune di Orbetello
The windmill on the lagoon of Orbetello.
Orbetello is located in Italy
Orbetello
Location of Orbetello in Italy
Coordinates: 42°26′34″N 11°13′29″E / 42.44278°N 11.22472°E / 42.44278; 11.22472Coordinates: 42°26′34″N 11°13′29″E / 42.44278°N 11.22472°E / 42.44278; 11.22472
Country Italy
Region Tuscany
Province Grosseto (GR)
Frazioni Albinia, Ansedonia, Fonteblanda, Giannella, Talamone
Government
 • Mayor Altero Matteoli (since 2006-05-29)
Area
 • Total 226.98 km2 (87.64 sq mi)
Elevation 3 m (10 ft)
Population (2004-12-31)
 • Total 14,946
 • Density 65.847/km2 (170.543/sq mi)
Demonym Orbetellani
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Postal code 58010, 58015
Dialing code 0564
Patron saint Saint Blaise
Saint day february 3

Orbetello is a town and commune in the province of Grosseto (Tuscany), Italy. It is about 35 km (22 mi) south of Grosseto, on a lagoon, which is an important Natural Reserve.

The main gate of Orbetello.

History[change | edit source]

Orbetello was an ancient Etruscan village, which in 280 BC went under the control of the Romans, who had founded their colony of Cosa.

In the Middle Ages it was controlled by the Aldobrandeschi family, who held it until the 14th century, when it was bought by the city of Orvieto. After some years, Orbetello was captured by the Sienese Republic. In the mid-16th century it was part of the Spanish puppet State of Presides, becoming its capital. Later it was under the Grand Duchy of Tuscany and, from the late 19th century, the new Kingdom of Italy.

In 1927-1933, Italo Balbo's "air cruises" started from Orbetello's lagoon.

Important monuments and places[change | edit source]

  • The city walls (5th century BC).
  • Cathedral of Santa Maria Assunta, built over an Etruscan-Roman temple and half re-built in 1375.
  • The Spanish Forte delle Saline, in the frazione of Albinia.
  • Remains of the Roman city of Cosa in the frazione of Ansedonia.
  • Ruins of the Monastery of Sant'Angelo.