Oscar Niemeyer

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Oscar Niemeyer

Oscar Niemeyer in 1977
Born December 15, 1907(1907-12-15)[1]
Rio de Janeiro, Brazil[1]
Died December 5, 2012(2012-12-05) (aged 104)[2]
Rio de Janeiro, Brazil[2]
Nationality Brazilian

Oscar Ribeiro de Almeida Niemeyer Soares Filho[3] (December 15, 1907[1] – December 5, 2012)[2] was a Brazilian architect who is thought to be a important name in worldwide modern architecture. He was a pioneer in the idea of using reinforced concrete for works.

Buildings made by Niemeyer often have the theme of having a lot of empty space, making odd patterns. The biggest work he made was the plan for the city of Brasília.

Politically, Niemeyer was a communist,[4] which sometimes had a bad effect for him: When the military dictatorship of Brazil happened, Niemeyer was forced into exile in Paris.[1] Fidel Castro once said "Niemeyer and I are the last Communists of this planet."

In 1988, Niemeyer won the Pritzker Prize.[5]

In 2012, he died of cardiac arrest due to a respiratory infection.[6]

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