Pritzker Architecture Prize

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The Pritzker Architecture Prize is given each year by the Hyatt Foundation. It is for talented and significant architect who has created great projects throughout his or her life.[1] Jay A. Pritzker and his wife Cindy began the award in 1979. The Pritzker family pays for the prize. It is the top prize in architecture, and it is often called the Nobel Prize of architecture.[2][3] The country, race, religion or political ideas of the architect are not important.[4] Winners get US$100,000 and a certificate.[5] Winners receive a medal. The back of the medal has these words in Latinfirmitas, utilitas, venustas (English: durability, utility, and beauty). The idea comes from the Roman architect Vitruvius.[6] Before 1987, a limited edition Henry Moore sculpture came with the prize money.[5]

Selection[change | change source]

Martha Thorne has been the Executive Director since 2009.[7] The director asks many people, including past winners, academics, critics and others involved in architecture to suggest possible winners.[4] Any licensed architect can also apply for the prize before 1 November every year. In 1988 Gordon Bunshaft applied for the award himself and eventually won it.[8] Five to nine jury members meet early the next year before announcing the winner in spring.[4]

Notable winners[change | change source]

The first winner was Philip Johnson. The award was "for 50 years of imagination and vitality" shown by the many "museums, theaters, libraries, houses, gardens and corporate structures".[9] The 2004 laureate Zaha Hadid was the first female prize winner.[10] Ryūe Nishizawa became the youngest winner in 2010 at age 44.[11] The most recent winner, in 2011, is Portuguese architect Eduardo Souto de Moura.

List of prize winners[change | change source]

The first winner Philip Johnson behind an architectural model
The inaugural laureate Philip Johnson
Winner in 1983, Ieoh Ming Pei
1984 laureate Richard Meier
Oscar Niemeyer won in 1988
1993 laureate Fumihiko Maki
Winner in 1995, Tadao Ando
1999 winner Norman Foster, giving a speech behind a lecturn
1999 winner Norman Foster
Rem Koolhaas won in 2000
Jean Nouvel won in 2008
Kazuyo Sejima of SANAA won in 2010
Year Laureate Nationality Example work (year completed) Ceremony location Ref(s)
1979 Johnson, PhilipPhilip Johnson  United States Glass House 2006.jpg Glass House (1949) Dumbarton Oaks [12]
1980 Barragán, LuisLuis Barragán  Mexico Torres de Satélite - 4.jpg Torres de Satélite (1957) Dumbarton Oaks [3]
1981 Stirling, Sir JamesSir James Stirling  United Kingdom History Faculty University of Cambridge.jpg Seeley Historical Library (1968) National Building Museum [13]
1982 Roche, KevinKevin Roche  Ireland Knights of Columbus headquarters.jpg Knights of Columbus Building (1969) Art Institute of Chicago [2][A]
1983 Pei, Ieoh MingIeoh Ming Pei  United States National gallery of art usa2.jpg National Gallery of Art, East Building (1978) Metropolitan Museum of Art [14][15][B]
1984 Meier, RichardRichard Meier  United States 10 The High.jpg High Museum of Art (1983) National Gallery of Art [2]
1985 Hollein, HansHans Hollein  Austria Mönchengladbach museum mit skulpturengarten.jpg Abteiberg Museum (1982) The Huntington Library [2]
1986 Böhm, GottfriedGottfried Böhm  West Germany Koeln christi auferstehung boehm.jpg Iglesia Youth Center Library (1968) Worshipful Company of Goldsmiths [2]
1987 Tange, KenzōKenzō Tange  Japan St. Mary's Cathedral Tokyo 2012.JPG St. Mary's Cathedral, Tokyo (1964) Kimbell Art Museum [16]
1988 Bunshaft, GordonGordon Bunshaft  United States Yale-beinecke-library.jpg Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library (1963) Art Institute of Chicago [2]
1988 Niemeyer, OscarOscar Niemeyer  Brazil Cathedral Brasilia Niemeyer.JPG Cathedral of Brasília (1958) Art Institute of Chicago [2]
1989 Gehry, FrankFrank Gehry  Canada
 United States
Image-Disney Concert Hall by Carol Highsmith edit.jpg Walt Disney Concert Hall (1999–2003) Tōdai-ji [15][C]
1990 Rossi, AldoAldo Rossi  Italy Bonnefantenmuseum.jpg Bonnefanten Museum (1990) Palazzo Grassi [17]
1991 Venturi, RobertRobert Venturi  United States National Gallery London Sainsbury Wing 2006-04-17.jpg National Gallery (London), Sainsbury Wing (1991) Palacio de Iturbide [18]
1992 Vieira, Álvaro SizaÁlvaro Siza Vieira  Portugal Pavilhao Portugal 2.JPG Pavilion of Portugal in Expo'98 (1998) Harold Washington Library [19]
1993 Maki, FumihikoFumihiko Maki  Japan Tokyo Metropolitan Gymnasium 2008.jpg Tokyo Metropolitan Gymnasium (1991) Prague Castle [16]
1994 de Portzamparc, ChristianChristian de Portzamparc  France Französische botschaft in berlin.JPG French Embassy, Berlin (2003) The Commons, Columbus, Indiana [20]
1995 Ando, TadaoTadao Ando  Japan Nagaragawa Convention Center 1.JPG Nagaragawa Convention Center (1995) Palace of Versailles [21]
1996 Moneo, RafaelRafael Moneo  Spain San Sebastian Palacio Kursaal.JPG Kursaal Palace (1999) Getty Center [15]
1997 Fehn, SverreSverre Fehn  Norway Isbremuseet.jpg Norwegian Glacier Museum (1991) Guggenheim Museum Bilbao [22]
1998 Piano, RenzoRenzo Piano  Italy Kansai International Airport Boarding Lobby.jpg Kansai International Airport (1994) White House [23]
1999 Foster, NormanNorman Foster  United Kingdom Mill.bridge.from.tate.modern.arp.jpg Millennium Bridge (London) (2000) Altes Museum [15]
2000 Koolhaas, RemRem Koolhaas  Netherlands CasadaMusica.jpg Casa da Música (2003) Jerusalem Archaeological Park [24]
2001 Herzog & de Meuron  Switzerland Tate modern london 2001 02.jpg Tate Modern (2000) Monticello [25]
2002 Murcutt, GlennGlenn Murcutt  Australia Berowra Waters Inn.jpg Berowra Waters Inn (1983) Michelangelo's Campidoglio [26]
2003 Utzon, JørnJørn Utzon  Denmark Sydney opera house side view.jpg Sydney Opera House (1973) Royal Academy of Fine Arts of San Fernando [27]
2004 Hadid, ZahaZaha Hadid  United Kingdom
 Iraq
Pabellón-Puente Zaragoza.jpg Bridge Pavilion (2008) Hermitage Museum [15][D]
2005 Mayne, ThomThom Mayne  United States San Francisco Federal Building.jpg San Francisco Federal Building (2007) Pritzker Pavilion, Millennium Park [28]
2006 da Rocha, Paulo MendesPaulo Mendes da Rocha  Brazil Paulo mendes da rocha - capela de são pedro apóstolo - campos do jordão - são paulo - brasil.jpg Saint Peter Chapel, São Paulo (1987) Dolmabahçe Palace [29]
2007 Rogers, RichardRichard Rogers  United Kingdom Lloyds Building stair case.jpg Lloyd's building (1986) Banqueting House, Whitehall [30]
2008 Nouvel, JeanJean Nouvel  France Torre Agbar and Glories.jpg Torre Agbar (2005) Library of Congress [15]
2009 Zumthor, PeterPeter Zumthor  Switzerland Therme Vals wall structure, Vals, Graubünden, Switzerland - 20060811.jpg Therme Vals (1996) Legislative Palace of the City Council, Buenos Aires [15]
2010 Kazuyo Sejima and
Ryue Nishizawa (SANAA)
 Japan Kanazawa21seikibijutsukan.jpg 21st Century Museum of Contemporary Art, Kanazawa (2003) Ellis Island [15]
2011 Eduardo Souto de Moura  Portugal Estadio Braga.JPG Estádio Municipal de Braga, Braga (2004) Andrew W. Mellon Auditorium [31]
2012 Wang Shu  China South Gate of Ningbo Museum.jpg Ningbo Museum (2008) Beijing [32]
2013 Toyo Ito  Japan Sendai Mediatheque 2009.jpg Sendai Mediatheque, Sendai (2001) John F. Kennedy Presidential Library and Museum, Boston [33]
2014 Shigeru Ban  Japan Centre Pompidou-Metz - Pose de la première pierre -2.jpg Takatori Catholic Church.JPG Takatori Catholic Church, Kobe (2005) Rijksmuseum, Amsterdam [34]

References[change | change source]

  1. "The Purpose of the Pritzker Architecture Prize". Pritzker Architecture Prize official site. The Hyatt Foundation. http://www.pritzkerprize.com/about/purpose.html. Retrieved June 24, 2009.
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 2.4 2.5 2.6 Goldberger, Paul (May 28, 1988). "Architecture View; What Pritzker Winners Tell Us About the Prize". The New York Times. http://www.nytimes.com/1988/05/29/arts/architecture-view-what-pritzker-winners-tell-us-about-the-prize.html. Retrieved June 26, 2009.
  3. 3.0 3.1 Endicott, Katherine (October 14, 2006). "The Mexican garden revisited". San Francisco Chronicle. http://www.sfgate.com/cgi-bin/article.cgi?f=/c/a/2006/10/14/HOG51LMROS1.DTL. Retrieved June 26, 2009.
  4. 4.0 4.1 4.2 "Nomination Process". Pritzker Architecture Prize official site. The Hyatt Foundation. http://www.pritzkerprize.com/about/nomination.html. Retrieved July 3, 2009.
  5. 5.0 5.1 "History". Pritzker Architecture Prize official site. The Hyatt Foundation. http://www.pritzkerprize.com/about/history.html. Retrieved June 27, 2009.
  6. "Ceremony and Medal". Pritzker Architecture Prize official site. The Hyatt Foundation. http://www.pritzkerprize.com/about/ceremony.html. Retrieved June 29, 2009.
  7. "2009 Jury Members". Pritzker Architecture Prize official site. The Hyatt Foundation. http://www.pritzkerprize.com/about/jury.html. Retrieved July 3, 2009.
  8. How to win the Pritzker Architecture Prize: Practice, practice, practice (and don't be shy about nominating yourself)
  9. "Philip Johnson – 1979 Laureate – Jury Citation". Pritzker Architecture Prize official site. The Hyatt Foundation. Archived from the original on December 21, 2010. http://wayback.archive.org/web/20101221230934/http://www.pritzkerprize.com/laureates/1979/jury.html. Retrieved June 30, 2009.
  10. "Hadid designs landmark building". BBC News. January 15, 2005. http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/england/london/4167077.stm. Retrieved June 29, 2009.
  11. "Pritzker Architecture Prize 1984 Announcement". The Hyatt Foundation. Archived from the original on December 21, 2010. http://wayback.archive.org/web/20101221233547/http://www.pritzkerprize.com/laureates/1984/announcement.html. Retrieved March 30, 2010.
  12. "People – In the News". Milwaukee Sentinel. Associated Press: p. 2. May 23, 1979. http://news.google.com/newspapers?id=PyMWAAAAIBAJ&sjid=7hEEAAAAIBAJ&pg=6636,4746265&dq=1979+pritzker-prize. Retrieved June 26, 2009.
  13. Reynolds, Nigel (March 23, 2004). "Top prize for architect who is ignored by fellow British". Daily Telegraph. http://www.telegraph.co.uk/culture/art/3614334/Top-prize-for-architect-who-is-ignored-by-fellow-British.html. Retrieved June 26, 2009.
  14. "The Pritzker Architecture Prize". www.pritzkerprize.com. http://www.pritzkerprize.com/laureates/1983/announcement.html. Retrieved 2009-12-31.
  15. 15.0 15.1 15.2 15.3 15.4 15.5 15.6 15.7 Pilkington, Ed (April 14, 2009). "Swiss architect untouched by fad or fashion wins prized Pritzker award". The Guardian. http://www.guardian.co.uk/artanddesign/2009/apr/14/zumthor-pritzker-award. Retrieved June 26, 2009.
  16. 16.0 16.1 Muschamp, Herbert (April 26, 1993). "Pritzker Prize for Japanese Architect". The New York Times. http://www.nytimes.com/1993/04/26/arts/pritzker-prize-for-japanese-architect.html. Retrieved June 26, 2009.
  17. Iovine, Julie (September 5, 1997). "Aldo Rossi, Architect of Monumental Simplicity, Dies at 66". The New York Times. http://www.nytimes.com/1997/09/05/arts/aldo-rossi-architect-of-monumental-simplicity-dies-at-66.html. Retrieved June 26, 2009.
  18. Blau, Eleanor (April 8, 1991). "Robert Venturi Is to Receive Pritzker Architecture Prize". The New York Times. http://www.nytimes.com/1991/04/08/arts/robert-venturi-is-to-receive-pritzker-architecture-prize.html. Retrieved June 26, 2009.
  19. Ribeiro, Ana Maria (February 24, 2009). "Siza Vieira fala para casa cheia" (in Portuguese). Correio da Manhã. http://www.correiomanha.pt/noticia.aspx?channelid=00000013-0000-0000-0000-000000000013&contentid=51D599B2-6FC0-4A0A-B423-627068468C6E. Retrieved June 26, 2009.
  20. Muschamp, Herbert (May 2, 1994). "Architect of Austere Works Receives the Pritzker Prize". The New York Times. http://www.nytimes.com/1994/05/02/arts/pritzker-prize-goes-to-french-architect-for-the-first-time.html. Retrieved June 26, 2009.
  21. Viladas, Pilar (August 19, 2001). "Fashion's New Religion". The New York Times. http://www.nytimes.com/2001/08/19/magazine/fashion-s-new-religion.html. Retrieved June 27, 2009.
  22. Samaniego, Fernando (June 1, 1997). "El noruego Sverre Fehn recibe el Pritzker de Arquitectura en el museo Guggenheim Bilbao" (in Spanish). El País. http://www.elpais.com/articulo/cultura/VIZCAYA/BILBAO_/MUNICIPIO/MUSEO_GUGGENHEIM/noruego/Sverre/Fehn/recibe/Pritzker/Arquitectura/museo/Guggenheim/Bilbao/elpepicul/19970601elpepicul_1/Tes/. Retrieved June 26, 2009.
  23. Muschamp, Herbert (April 20, 1998). "Renzo Piano Wins Architecture's Top Prize". The New York Times. http://www.nytimes.com/1998/04/20/arts/renzo-piano-wins-architecture-s-top-prize.html. Retrieved June 26, 2009.
  24. "Koolhaas receives 'Nobel of architecture' in Jerusalem". CNN. May 29, 2000. http://edition.cnn.com/2000/STYLE/design/05/29/pritzker/. Retrieved June 26, 2009.
  25. "Herzog & de Meuron Propose Castle in The Sky for Hamburg". Das Spiegel. June 14, 2005. http://www.spiegel.de/international/0,1518,360341,00.html. Retrieved June 26, 2009.
  26. "Top honour for Australian architect". BBC News. April 16, 2002. http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/entertainment/1932366.stm. Retrieved June 26, 2009.
  27. "Prize for Opera House designer". BBC News. April 7, 2003. http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/entertainment/2924705.stm. Retrieved June 26, 2009.
  28. "Paris skyscraper to rival tower". BBC News. November 28, 2006. http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/europe/6191132.stm. Retrieved June 26, 2009.
  29. Forgey, Benjamin (April 9, 2006). "Brazilian wins Pritzker Prize". Washington Post. http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content/article/2006/04/09/AR2006040900934.html. Retrieved June 26, 2009.
  30. Glancey, Jonathan (March 29, 2007). "Rogers takes the 'Nobel for architecture'". The Guardian. http://www.guardian.co.uk/society/2007/mar/29/communities.artnews. Retrieved June 26, 2009.
  31. Taylor, Kate (March 28, 2011). "Souto de Moura Wins 2011 Pritzker Architecture Prize". The New York Times. http://artsbeat.blogs.nytimes.com/2011/03/28/souto-de-moura-wins-2011-pritzker-architecture-prize/. Retrieved March 28, 2011.
  32. "Wang Shu Wins 2012 Pritzker Architecture Prize". pritzker architecture prize. March 4, 2012. http://www.pritzkerprize.com/2012/biography. Retrieved March 4, 2012.
  33. Hawthorne, Christopher (March 17, 2013). "Japanese architect Toyo Ito, 71, wins Pritzker Prize". Los Angeles Times. http://www.latimes.com/entertainment/arts/culture/la-et-japanese-architect-toyo-ito-71-wins-pritzker-prize-20130312,0,2719958.story. Retrieved March 17, 2013.
  34. Hawthorne, Christopher (March 24, 2014). "Architect Shigeru Ban, known for disaster relief, wins Pritzker Prize". Los Angeles Times. http://www.latimes.com/entertainment/arts/culture/la-et-cm-architect-shigeru-ban-pritzker-prize-20140321,0,3207108.story. Retrieved March 24, 2014.

Other websites[change | change source]