Panama Canal Zone

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Coordinates: 9°07′03.61″N 79°43′12.60″W / 9.1176694°N 79.720167°W / 9.1176694; -79.720167

Panama Canal Zone
Zona del Canal de Panamá
Former Territory of United States

1903–1979
Flag Coat of arms
Flag Coat of arms
Motto
The Land Divided, The World United
Capital city Balboa
History
 -  Established 1903
 -  Disestablished 1979
Today part of Panama

The Panama Canal Zone (Spanish: Zona del Canal de Panamá) is a 553-square-mile (1,430 km2) former unorganized United States territory. It is now the country of Panama.

In 1903, the territory was controlled by the United States. As a part of the United States, the canal was used for military purposes. The Panama Canal was operated by the United States until December 31, 1999, when it returned to Panama.

It was disestablished in October 1, 1979 as part of a treaty signed in 1977 by former President Jimmy Carter and Omar Torrijos, the unofficial leader of Panama Canal Zone.

History[change | edit source]

The treaty was approved by the provisional Panamanian government on December 2, 1903, and by the US Senate on February 23, 1903. While the treaty was approved, the Panamanians received US$10 million, much of which the United States required to be invested in that country. The Canal Zone was formally turned over by Panama on May 4, 1904, when American officials reopened the Panama City offices of the canal company and raised the American flag.[1]

Notable people[change | edit source]

References[change | edit source]

  1. McCullough, pp. 397–399, 402.