Port-au-Prince

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Port-au-Prince
(Kréyòl): Pòtoprens
Port-au-Prince from space
Port-au-Prince is located in Haiti
Port-au-Prince
Port-au-Prince in Haiti
Coordinates: 18°32′21″N 72°20′06″W / 18.53917°N 72.335°W / 18.53917; -72.335Coordinates: 18°32′21″N 72°20′06″W / 18.53917°N 72.335°W / 18.53917; -72.335
Country Haiti
Département Ouest
Arrondisement Port-au-Prince
Founded 1749
Colonial seat 1770
Elevation 98 m (322 ft)
Population (2007)
 • City 1,082,800
 • Metro 1,728,100
 • Demonym Port-au-Princien
(female, Port-au-Princienne)
Time zone Eastern (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) Eastern (UTC-4)

Port-au-Prince is the capital city of Haiti and of the Ouest Département and it is the country's largest city, with almost 2 million people. It is on the southwestern coast of the Gulf of Gonâve.

Port-au-Prince was built in 1749 and, in 1770, it replaced Cap-Français (the modern Cap-Haïtien) as capital of the French colony of Saint-Domingue. In 1804, it became the capital of new independent country Haiti. During the French and Haitian revolutions, it was known as Port-Républicain, before being renamed Port-au-Prince by Jean-Jacques Dessalines. When Haiti was divided between a kingdom in the north and a republic in the south, Port-au-Prince was the capital of the republic.

It is the cultural centre of the country. Here is the State University of Haiti (Université d'État d'Haïti in French or UEH), as well as the Quisqueya University and the Université des Caraïbes.

Port-au-Prince is the nation's largest centre of economy and finance. It has the most important port of the country and coffee and sugar are exported. Port-au-Prince has soap, textile, and cement factories and others to process foods.

There is an important airport: Aéroport International Toussaint Louverture ("Toussaint Louverture International Airport"), 10 km north of the city.


Department capitals of Haiti Flag of Haiti
Cap-HaïtienFort-LibertéGonaïvesHincheJacmelJérémieLes CayesMiragoânePort-au-PrincePort-de-Paix