Jacmel

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Jacmel
(Kréyòl): Jakmèl
Jacmel is located in Haiti
Jacmel
Jacmel in Haiti
Coordinates: 18°14′N 72°32′W / 18.233°N 72.533°W / 18.233; -72.533Coordinates: 18°14′N 72°32′W / 18.233°N 72.533°W / 18.233; -72.533
Country Haiti
Département Sud-Est
Arrondisement Jacmel
Founded 1698
Population (2005)
 • Total 22,563
Time zone Eastern (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) Eastern (UTC-4)

Jacmel (Kréyòl: Jakmèl) is a city in southeast Haiti, on the Caribbean coast, at the mouth of the river Grande Rivière de Jacmel. It is the capital city of the Sud-Est Département.

The city is in the Baie de Jacmel ("Jacmel Bay") about 86 km south of the Haitian capital Port-au-Prince. It is also the chief town of an arrondissement (a part of a department) with the same name. The arrondissement has four communes (a commune is like a municipality): Jacmel, Cayes-Jacmel, La Vallée and Marigot.

Name[change | change source]

Jacci was the Taíno name for the region where is located Jacmel.[1] It was changed to the Spanish word Yáquimo (sometimes written as Jáquimo) and then to the French word Jacmel.

History[change | change source]

Christopher Columbus gave the name Puerto de Brasil ("Brazil port") to the place where Jacmel is now because there were many trees called "Brasil" (English: Brazilwood) in the region that were cut and sent to Spain;[2] the tree has a yellow substance (and wood) that was used to give that color to hair, cloths and other objects.

In 1504, Nicolás de Ovando, Spanish governor of the Hispaniola, founded the town of Villanueva de Yáquimo (or Villanova de Yáquimo). But people left the town and French people came to live here; in 1698, the new town of Jacmel was founded.

Jacmel today[change | change source]

There are many beautiful old houses in Jacmel, from the 1880s. Since 2004, the 'Festival Film Jakmèl' is celebrated in Jacmel and, since 2007, the international music festival 'Festival Mizik Jakmèl'.

Many visitors come to Jacmel for its carnival, the Bassins Bleu waterfalls, and the white sand beaches near the city.

Radio[change | change source]

  • Radio Ambiance FM
  • Ambiance TV
  • Radio Anacaona
  • Radio TéléDiffusion Jacmelienne
  • Radio Télé-Express Continental
  • Radio Vibration Inter
  • Radio Jacmel Inter
  • Radio Détente
  • Radio Négritude
  • Radio SemencesFM de Marbial

Sister cities[change | change source]

Jacmel has sister relationships with:

Gallery[change | change source]

Other websites[change | change source]

References[change | change source]

  1. Anglería, Pedro Martir de (1964) (in Spanish). Décadas del Nuevo Mundo, Tomo I, Tercera Década, Libro VII. Mexico: José Porrúa e Hijos.
  2. Las Casas, Bartolomé de (1967) (in Spanish). Apologética Historia Sumaria. Mexico: UNAM.


Department capitals of Haiti Flag of Haiti
Cap-HaïtienFort-LibertéGonaïvesHincheJacmelJérémieLes CayesMiragoânePort-au-PrincePort-de-Paix