The Titanic leaving Belfast for sea trials, 2 April 1912.
|Owners:||White Star Line|
|Builders:||Harland and Wolff shipyard, Belfast|
|Captain:||Edward John Smith|
|Laid down:||31 March 1909|
|Maiden voyage (First Trip):||10 April 1912|
|Fate:||Hit iceberg at 11:40 PM on 14 April 1912. Sank on 15 April 1912, at 2:20 AM; wreck discovered in 1985 by Robert Ballard.|
|Gross tonnage (weight):||46,328 GRT|
|Displacement:||52,310 Long Tons|
|Length:||882 foot 9 inches (269 m)|
|Beam:||92 foot 6 inches (28 m)|
|Draught:||34 foot 7 inches (10.5 m)|
|Power:||Able to reach speeds of 26 miles per hour|
|Propulsion (energy):||Two bronze triple-blade side propellers. One bronze quadruple-blade central propeller.|
|Speed:||23 knots (26.5 mph; 42.6 km/h)|
|Passengers and crew (first voyage):||Total 2,228
Before it sailed, many people thought it would be almost impossible for it to sink.
Sinking[change | edit source]
At 11:40 PM on 14 April 1912, during Titanic's maiden voyage, she hit an iceberg in the Atlantic Ocean. The iceberg broke the Titanic's hull (bottom) letting water into the ship. The Titanic sank two hours and forty minutes later at 2:20 AM on 15 April.
As she sank, the Titanic split in two. It killed around 1,500 people. Only around 705 people survived. It was one of the worst shipwrecks that was not during a war.
One reason why so many people died was because the ship did not have enough lifeboats. Women and children were allowed on the lifeboats first, and passengers who sailed in first class (which meant that they paid for better rooms on the ship) were allowed on before other passengers. Not many lifeboats had been provided, because the Titanic was said to be unsinkable. People in working class and lower classes did not have much of a chance of getting out safely, but the higher class women and children would have gone out on the first few lifeboats.
Another reason so few people survived was that the radio was off on the SS Californian, the ship closest to the Titanic, and the crew did not hear about the accident.
Last survivor[change | edit source]
The last survivor of the Titanic disaster to die was a lady named Millvina Dean. She was the youngest passenger on board, as she was then a baby of only nine weeks old. She died in Ashhurst, Hampshire, England on 21 May 2009 aged 97.
Effects[change | edit source]
Discovery[change | edit source]
The wreck was found by a French and American team, led by Robert Ballard, on September 23 1985 at 1:02 in the morning.
Culture[change | edit source]
The story of the sinking has been made into several movies. The most popular film version is a 1997 film starring Kate Winslet and Leonardo DiCaprio called Titanic. It won 11 Academy Awards, tying Ben-Hur for the record for the most Academy Awards won by one movie. Other movie versions of the story include the 1958 film A Night to Remember, the 1953 film Titanic, and the 1979 film S.O.S. Titanic.
References[change | edit source]
- RMS is an acronym. RMS stands for Royal Mail Ship or Steamer. RMS is a ship prefix for vessels that carry mail under contract to the British Royal Mail.
- Brett, Allan. "Radio Story". http://jproc.ca/radiostor/titanic.html.
- "Millvina Dean – Obituary" The Independent, 16 June 2009, p37
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