Titanic (1997 movie)

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Titanic
Directed by James Cameron
Produced by
Written by James Cameron
Starring
Music by James Horner
Cinematography Russell Carpenter
Editing by
Studio
Distributed by
Release date(s) November 1, 1997 (1997-11-01) (Tokyo International Film Festival)
December 19, 1997 (1997-12-19) (United States)
Running time 194 minutes
Country United States
Language English
Budget $200 million[2][3][4]
Money made $2,185,372,302[5]

Titanic is a 1997 American epic romantic disaster movie. It was directed, written, and co-produced by James Cameron. The movie is about the 1912 sinking of the RMS Titanic. It stars Kate Winslet and Leonardo DiCaprio. The two are of different social classes, but fall in love after meeting aboard ship.

Production of the movie began in 1995. Cameron recorded footage of the real Titanic wreck. The reconstruction of the Titanic was created at Playas de Rosarito in Baja California. To create the sinking of the ship, scale models and computer-generated imagery were used. Paramount Pictures and 20th Century Fox helped with half of the funding for the movie. At the time when the movie was released, it was the most expensive movie ever made. It had a budget of $200 million.

The movie was released on December 19, 1997. It received positive critical reviews. The movie won 11 Academy Awards, and was nominated for fourteen other Academy Awards. It was also a commercial success with a total worldwide gross of $1.84 billion. It was the first movie to reach the billion-dollar mark. A 3D version of the movie was released in theaters on April 4, 2012 to mark the 100th anniversary of the sinking of the ship. It earned $343.6 million worldwide. This made Titanic's worldwide total to be $2.18 billion.

Story[change | edit source]

A 100-year-old woman named Rose DeWitt Bukater tells the story to her granddaughter Lizzy Calvert, Brock Lovett, Lewis Bodine, Bobby Buell, and Anatoly Mikailavich on the Keldysh about her life set in April 10th 1912, on a ship called Titanic when young Rose boards the departing ship with the upper-class passengers and her mother, Ruth DeWitt Bukater, and her fiancé, Caledon 'Cal' Hockley. Meanwhile, a drifter and artist named Jack Dawson and his best friend Fabrizio De Rossi win third-class tickets to the ship in a game. And she explains the whole story from departure until the death of Titanic on its first and last voyage April 15th, 1912 at 2:20 in the morning.

After winning a trip on the RMS Titanic during a dockside card game, American Jack Dawson spots the society girl Rose DeWitt Bukater who is on her way to Philadelphia to marry her rich snob fiancé Cal Hockley. Rose feels helplessly trapped by her situation and makes her way to the aft deck and thinks of suicide until she is rescued by Jack. Cal is therefore obliged to invite Jack to dine at their first-class table where he suffers through the slights of his snobbish hosts. In return, he spirits Rose off to third class for an evening of dancing, giving her the time of her life. Deciding to forsake her intended future all together, Rose asks Jack, who has made his living making sketches on the streets of Paris, to draw her in the nude wearing the invaluable blue diamond Cal has given her. Cal finds out and has Jack locked away. Soon after wards, the ship hits an iceberg and Rose must find Jack while both must run from Cal even as the ship sinks deeper into the freezing water.

In 1996, treasure hunter Brock Lovett and his team has reached the most famous shipwreck of all - the RMS Titanic. Emerging with a safe believed to contain a famous diamond called the "Heart of the Ocean", he discovers that the safe does not hold the diamond, but a drawing of a beautiful young woman wearing it. When Lovett is later interviewed on television, he shows the drawing to the cameras, and Rose Dawson Calvert, now 101, recognizes the young woman in the drawing - herself. She and her granddaughter Lizzy visit Lovett on his research ship over the wrecksite, and tells her story of the Titanic and its ill-fated maiden voyage.

In 1912, 17-year-old society girl Rose DeWitt Bukater boards the ship's first class suites with her fiance, Pittsburgh Steel tycoon owner Caledon Hockley, and her mother, Ruth DeWitt Bukater, in Southampton. Also boarding are poor artist Jack Dawson and his best friend Fabrizio De Rossi, after a lucky poker game wins them in steerage. When Rose attempts suicide by jumping off the stern in third class, Jack pulls her back onto the ship... and a bond is forged between them as Jack is invited by her into first class the following day. Rose's mother and Cal try desperate measures to keep them apart as Jack and Rose fall in love, until the Titanic collides with an iceberg and is critically damaged. Now Jack and Rose must fight to stay alive, as their passionate romance becomes a struggle for survival, but Jack is already doomed because of his lower status as a steerage passenger.

Main cast[change | edit source]

Actor Role
Leonardo DiCaprio Jack Dawson
Kate Winslet Rose DeWitt Bukater
Billy Zane Caledon Hockley
Kathy Bates Margaret Molly Brown
Frances Fisher Ruth DeWitt Bukater
Bernard Hill Captain Edward J. Smith
Victor Garber Thomas Andrews
Jonathan Hyde J. Bruce Ismay
David Warner Spicer Lovejoy
Michael Ensign Benjamin Guggenheim
Danny Nucci Fabrizio De Rossi
Jason Barry Tommy Ryan
Bill Paxton Brock Lovett
Gloria Stuart Old Rose (Rose Dawson Calvert)
Suzy Amis Lizzy Calvert
Lewis Abernathy Lewis Bodine
Eric Braeden Colonel John Jacob Astor IV
Bernard Fox Colonel Archibald Gracie IV
Ewan Stewart First Officer William Murdoch
Jonathan Phillips Second Officer Charles Lightoller
Ioan Gruffudd Fifth Officer Harold Lowe

Production[change | edit source]

The movie was based on the RMS Titanic (pictured in 1912).

The movie scenes of the ship's journey were taken on the Akademik Mstislav Keldysh in July 1996.[6] Principal photography for Titanic began in September 1996. The location was at the newly-built Fox Baja Studios.[6] The poop deck was built on a move-able machine. This allow it to rise from zero to ninety degrees in a few seconds. This was used during the sinking scene of the movie.[7] Many props were made of foam rubber. The material was used for the safety of the stuntmen.[8] On November 15, the boarding scenes were recorded.[7] Cameron decided to build his RMS Titanic on the starboard side. This was because weather data showed north-to-south winds. This caused the funnel smoke to move in one direction.[9]

A full-time etiquette coach was hired. He taught the cast on the manners of the upper class during the year 1912.[10] However, several critics noticed that some cast members were not very good. They also noticed the two main stars on the movie were not well trained.[11][12][13] Cameron sketched Jack's nude portrait of Rose for the nude scene.[14] He said "You know what it means for her, the freedom she must be feeling. It's kind of exhilarating (happy) for that reason."[15] The nude scene was DiCaprio and Winslet's first scene together. Cameron said "It wasn't by any kind of design, although I couldn't have designed it better. There's a nervousness and an energy and a hesitance (not sure) in them." This was the first scene to be recorded. Cameron said that the "big set" was not yet ready. The crew members had to record something so they decided to do the nude scene first.[15]

An angry crew member put the dissociative drug PCP into the soup that Cameron and other members ate one night. This caused more than 50 people to be rushed to the hospital.[14] "There were people just rolling around, completely out of it. Some of them said they were seeing streaks and psychedelics," said actor Lewis Abernathy.[14] Cameron had vomit before the drug began working. Abernathy was shocked at the way he looked. "One eye was completely red, like the Terminator eye. A pupil, no iris, beet red. The other eye looked like he'd been sniffing glue since he was four."[14][16] The person who poisoned the cast members was never found.[17][18]

Filming was scheduled to last 138 days. However, it grew to 160. Many cast members came down with colds, flu, or kidney infections. This happened during the many hours they spent in the cold water. Winslet, who also had these symptoms, decided she would not work with Cameron again unless she earned "a lot of money".[18] Several other cast members left the movie. Three stuntmen broke their bones. The Screen Actors Guild decided to begin an investigation. They concluded that there was nothing unsafe going on on the set.[18]

The movie's budget reached $200 million.[2][3][4] Fox executives were worrying. They suggested an hour of different scenes to be removed from the three-hour movie. Cameron did not accept this. He told Fox that if they want to remove some scenes out that they would need to fire him.[14] The executives did not want to start over. This would mean they will loose their entire investment.[14]

Soundtrack[change | edit source]

The soundtrack of the movie was written, orchestrated and conducted by James Horner. The soundtrack was released by Sony Classical on November 18, 1997. When the movie was released, the soundtrack topped the charts in two-dozen countries.[19] It sold over 30 million copies. It then became one of the best-selling albums of all time. It was also the highest-selling orchestral soundtracks ever.[20] Horner wrote the song "My Heart Will Go On". He wrote the song in secrecy because Cameron did not want any songs with singing in the movie.[21] Céline Dion agreed to record a demonstration. Her husband, René Angélil, asked Dion many times to do it, since she did not want to record it at first. Horner waited until Cameron was in a happy mood. After playing it several times, Cameron approved of the song. However, Cameron feared that he might be criticized for "going commercial at the end of the movie".[21]

3D and re-release[change | edit source]

James Cameron announced that Titanic was being converted to 3D.[22] The 3D version came out on April 6, 2012. This was the 100th anniversary of the sinking of the Titanic. It took $18 million to produce it.[23] The 3D conversion was done by Stereo D.[24] Sony Music with Slam Content's Panther Records, re-worked the soundtrack.[25] The movie grossed $4.7 million on the first day of its re-release in North America. It went on to make $17.3 million during the weekend. It then became the third most-watched movie for that week.[26][27] The movie earned $35.2 million worldwide. It then became the second most-watched movie for that week.[28] The following week saw an increase of the movie's earnings. It became the number one movie for that week with $98.9 million.[29] It was more successful in China. It earned $11.6 million on its opening day in that country.[30] It then earned a record-breaking $67 million for that week.[29] The re-release earned a total of $343.4 million worldwide. In China the total was at $145 million. In Canada and the United States, it made $57.8 million from those countries.[31]

References[change | edit source]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 "Titanic (1997)". Film & TV Database. British Film Institute. http://ftvdb.bfi.org.uk/sift/title/541102. Retrieved July 29, 2011.
  2. 2.0 2.1 Garrett, Diane (April 20, 2007). "Big-budget bang-ups.". Variety. http://www.webcitation.org/5lLRXg73q. Retrieved November 16, 2009.
  3. 3.0 3.1 Wyatt, Justin; Vlesmas, Katherine (1999). "The Drama of Recoupment: On the Mass Media Negotiation of Titanic". pp. 29–45. In Sandler & Studlar (1999).
  4. 4.0 4.1 Welkos, Robert W. (February 11, 1998). "The $200-Million Lesson of 'Titanic'". Los Angeles Times. http://www.webcitation.org/5lyFvvT2G. Retrieved December 12, 2009.
  5. "Titanic (1997)". Box Office Mojo. http://www.boxofficemojo.com/movies/?id=titanic.htm. Retrieved June 8, 2012.
  6. 6.0 6.1 Ed W. Marsh (1998). James Cameron's Titanic. London: Boxtree. pp. 3–29.
  7. 7.0 7.1 Ed W. Marsh. Construction Timelapse (DVD). 20th Century Fox.
  8. Marsh and Kirkland, pp. 130–142
  9. Marsh and Kirkland, pp. 52–54
  10. "James Cameron's Titanic". Media Awareness Network. Archived from the original on 2011-06-09. http://web.archive.org/web/20110609180647/http://www.media-awareness.ca/english/resources/educational/teachable_moments/deconstructing_titanic_6.cfm. Retrieved January 24, 2010.
  11. "Quite a bit of the dialogue is peppered by vulgarities and colloquialisms that seem inappropriate to the period and place, but again seem aimed directly to the sensibilities of young American viewers." McCarthy, Todd (November 3, 1997). ""Titanic" review by Todd McCarthy". Variety. http://www.variety.com/index.asp?layout=Variety100&reviewid=VE1117339997&content=jump&jump=review&category=1935&cs=1. Retrieved February 21, 2009.
  12. "Titanic's very slow leak". Washington Post. March 25, 1999. http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-srv/style/longterm/movies/videos/titanichowe.htm. Retrieved February 21, 2009.
  13. "Titanic's Reign". Montreal Mirror. March 1998. http://www.montrealmirror.com/ARCHIVES/1998/031998/film1.html. Retrieved February 21, 2009.
  14. 14.0 14.1 14.2 14.3 14.4 14.5 "Titanic. Man overboard! After a production as lavish and pricey as the doomed ship itself, James Cameron finally unveils his epic film. But will it be unsinkable?". Entertainment Weekly: pp. 1–7. November 7, 1997. http://www.ew.com/ew/article/0,,290182,00.html. Retrieved January 24, 2010.
  15. 15.0 15.1 Schultz, Rick. "James Cameron tells the astonishing story of Titanic, his breathtaking labor of love". industrycentral.net. http://www.industrycentral.net/director_interviews/JC01.HTM. Retrieved January 23, 2010.
  16. Godwin, Christopher (November 8, 2008). "James Cameron: From Titanic to Avatar". The Times (London). http://entertainment.timesonline.co.uk/tol/arts_and_entertainment/film/article6902906.ece. Retrieved January 9, 2010.
  17. Jon Landau, Kate Winslet, Gloria Stuart, Victor Garber. Audio Commentary (DVD). 20th Century Fox.
  18. 18.0 18.1 18.2 Andrew Gumbel (January 11, 2007). "Lights, cameras, blockbuster: The return of James Cameron". The Independent (London). http://www.independent.co.uk/news/world/americas/lights-cameras-blockbuster-the-return-of-james-cameron-431615.html. Retrieved February 5, 2008.
  19. Titanic: Anatomy of a Blockbuster Google Books'.' Retrieved 2010-07-28.
  20. Film Score OSTMovie.com'.' Retrieved 2010-07-28.
  21. 21.0 21.1 Parisi, p. 195
  22. "Titanic (1997) - IMDb", IMDb.com, 2012, webpage: IM120338.
  23. "Coming in 60 weeks: 'Titanic' in 3D version", Times of India, October 30, 2011, webpage: TOI-8599. Retrieved March 27, 2012.
  24. "Inside the 3-D Conversion of ‘Titanic'". The New York Times. March 30, 2012. http://www.nytimes.com/interactive/2012/03/29/movies/titanic-3d-conversion.html.
  25. Slam Content | CrunchBase Profile
  26. Young, John (April 5, 2012). "'Titanic 3D' leaves port with $4.4 million on Wednesday, so was the 3-D conversion worth it?". Entertainment Weekly. http://insidemovies.ew.com/2012/04/05/titanic-3d-box-office-opening. Retrieved April 8, 2012.
  27. Subers, Ray (April 8, 2012). "Weekend Report: 'Hunger Games' Three-peats, Passes $300 Million Over Easter". Box Office Mojo. http://www.boxofficemojo.com/news/?id=3412&p=.htm. Retrieved April 17, 2012.
  28. Subers, Ray (April 10, 2012). "Around-the-World Roundup: 'Titanic 3D' Can't Stop 'Wrath'". Box Office Mojo. http://www.boxofficemojo.com/news/?id=3414&p=.htm. Retrieved April 17, 2012.
  29. 29.0 29.1 "Around-the-World Roundup: 'Titanic 3D' Opens to Record-Setting $67 Million in China". Box Office Mojo. April 16, 2012. http://boxofficemojo.com/news/?id=3421&p=.htm. Retrieved April 15, 2012.
  30. Subers, Ray (April 10, 2012). "'Titanic 3D' Has Huge Opening Day in China". Box Office Mojo. http://www.boxofficemojo.com/news/?id=3416&p=.htm. Retrieved April 17, 2012.
  31. "Titanic 3D (2012) – International Box Office results". Box Office Mojo. http://www.boxofficemojo.com/movies/?page=intl&id=titanic3d.htm. Retrieved May 23, 2012.

Books[change | edit source]

Other websites[change | edit source]